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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Political Decision Making - Women in Parliament

Percentage of parliamentary seats in Single or Lower chamber occupied by women

Table 6a. Women in Parliament  
Last update: December 2012  
  Percentage of parliamentary seats in Single or Lower chamber occupied by women  
   
Country or area 2000 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Afghanistan ... ... 27   28   28   28   28   27,7  
Albania 5 ... 7   7   7   16   16   15,7  
Algeria 3 6 7   8   8   8   8   31,6  
Andorra 7 29 29   25   36   36   50   50  
Angola 16 15 15   15   37   39   39   …  
Antigua and Barbuda 5 11 11   11   11   11   11   10,5  
Argentina 27 34 35   40   42   39   37   37,4  
Armenia 3 5 9   9   8   9   9   10,7  
Australia 22 25 25   27   27   25   25   24,7  
Austria 27 34 32   33   28   28   28   27,9  
Azerbaijan 12 11 11   11   11   16   16   16  
Bahamas 15 20 12   12   12   12   12   13,2  
Bahrain ... 0 3   3   3   3   10   10  
Bangladesh 9 2 15 a ... b 19   19   19   19,7  
Barbados 11 13 13   10   10   10   10   10  
Belarus 5 29 29   29   32   32   32   26,6  
Belgium 23 35 35   35   35   39   39   38  
Belize 7 7 7   0   0   0   0   3,1  
Benin 6 7 8   11   11   11   8   8,4  
Bhutan 2 9 3   9   9   9   9   8,5  
Bolivia 12 19 17   17   17   25   25   25,4  
Bosnia and Herzegovina 29 17 14   12   12   17   17   21,4  
Botswana 17 11 11   11   8   8   8   7,9  
Brazil 6 9 9   9   9   9   9   8,6  
Bulgaria 11 22 22   22   21   21   21   20,8  
Burkina Faso 8 12 12   15   15   15   15   15,3  
Burundi 14 31 31   31   31   32   32   30,5  
Cambodia 7 10 10   10   21   21   21   20,3  
Cameroon 6 9 ...   14   14   14   14   13,9  
Canada 20 21 21   21   22   22   25   24,7  
Cape Verde 11 11 15   18   18   18   21   20,8  
Central African Republic 7 ... 11   11   11   10   13   12,5  
Chad 2 7 7   5   5   5   13   12,8  
Chile 11 13 15   15   15   14   14   14,2  
China 22 20 20   21   21   21   21   21,3  
Colombia 12 12 8   8   8   8 c 13   12,1  
Comoros ... 3 3   3   3   3   3   3  
Congo 12 9 ...   7   7   7   7   7,4  
Costa Rica 19 35 39   37   37   39   39   38,6  
Cote d'Ivoire ... 9 9   9   9   9   9   11  
Croatia 21 22 22   21   21   24   24   23,8  
Cuba 28 36 36   43   43   43   43   45,2  
Cyprus 7 16 14   14   14   13   11   10,7  
Czech Republic 15 17 16   16   16   22   22   22  
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 20 20 20   20   16   16   16   15,6  
Democratic Republic of the Congo ... 12 8   8   8   8   …   8,9  
Denmark 37 37 37   38   38   38   39   39,1  
Djibouti 0 11 11   14   14   14   14   13,8  
Dominica ... 10 13   19   19   19   13   12,5  
Dominican Republic 16 17 20   20   20   21   21   20,8  
Ecuador 15 16 25   25   32   32   32   32,3  
Egypt 2 3 2   2   2   2 d …   2  
El Salvador ... 11 17   17   19   19   19   26,2  
Equatorial Guinea 5 18 18   6   10   10   10   10  
Eritrea 15 22 22   22   22   22   22   22  
Estonia 18 19 22   21   21   23   20   19,8  
Ethiopia ... ... 22   22   22   28   28   27,8  
Fiji ... 9 ...   ...   ...   0 e …   …  
Finland 37 38 42   42   42   40   43   42,5  
France 11 12 19   18   18   19   19   26,9  
Gabon 9 9 13   17   17   15   15   15,8  
Gambia 2 13 9   9   9   8   8   7,5  
Georgia 7 9 9   6   5   7   7   6,6  
Germany 31 33 32   32   33   33   33   32,9  
Ghana 9 11 11   11   8   8   8   8,3  
Greece ... 13 13   15   17   17   17   21  
Grenada 27 27 27   13   13   13   13   13,3  
Guatemala 9 8 8   12   12   12   …   13,3  
Guinea 9 19 19   19   ...   0 e,f …   …  
Guinea-Bissau 8 14 14   14   10   10   10   10  
Guyana 19 31 29   29   30   30   …   31,3  
Haiti ... 4 4   4   4   4 e 4   4,2  
Honduras 9 6 23   23   23   18   18   19,5  
Hungary 8 9 10   11   11   9   9   8,8  
Iceland 35 30 32   33   43   43   43   39,7  
India 9 8 8   9   11   11   11   11  
Indonesia 8 11 11   12   18   18   18   18,2  
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 3 4 4   3   3   3   3   3,1  
Iraq 8 32 26   26   26   25   25   25,2  
Ireland 12 13 13   13   13   14   15   15,1  
Israel 13 15 14   14   18   19   19   20  
Italy 11 12 17   21   21   21   21   21,6  
Jamaica 13 12 12   13   13   13   13   12,7  
Japan 7 7 9   9   11   11   11   10,8  
Jordan 0 6 6   6   6   11   11   10,8  
Kazakhstan 10 10 10   16   16   18   18   24,3  
Kenya 4 7 7   9   10   10   10   9,8  
Kiribati 5 5 7   4   4   4   9   8,7  
Kuwait 0 2 3 g 3 h 8   8   8   6,3  
Kyrgyzstan 2 3 0   26   26   23   23   23,3  
Lao People's Democratic Republic 21 23 25   25   25   25   25   25  
Latvia 17 21 19   20   20   20   21   23  
Lebanon 2 5 5   5   3   3   3   3,1  
Lesotho 4 12 24   25   24   24   24   25,8  
Liberia 8 5 13   13   13   13   …   11  
Libya ... 5 8   8   8   8   …   16,5  
Liechtenstein 4 24 24   24   24   24   24   24  
Lithuania 18 22 25   23   18   19   19   19,1  
Luxembourg 17 23 23   23   20   20   20   25  
Madagascar 8 7 7   8   ...   13   13   17,5  
Malawi 8 14 14   13   21   21   21   22,3  
Malaysia 10 9 9   11   11   10   10   10,4  
Maldives 6 12 12   12   7   7   7   6,5  
Mali 12 10 10   10   10   10   10   10,2  
Malta 9 9 9   9   9   9   9   8,7  
Marshall Islands 3 3 3   3   3   3   …   3  
Mauritania 4 4 18   22   22   22   22   22,1  
Mauritius 8 17 17   17   17   19   19   18,8  
Mexico ... 24 23   23   28   26   26   36,8  
Micronesia (Federated States of) 0 0 0   0   0   0   0   0  
Monaco 22 21 21   25   25   26   26   19  
Mongolia ... 7 7   3   4   4   4   12,7  
Montenegro ... ... 9   11   6   11   11   12,3  
Morocco 1 11 11   11   11   11   17   17  
Mozambique 30 35 35   35   35   39   39   39,2  
Myanmar                     4   6  
Namibia 25 27 27   27   27   24   24   24,4  
Nauru ... 0 0   0   0   0   0   0  
Nepal 6 6 17   33   33   33   33   33,2  
Netherlands 36 37 37   39   41   41   39   38,7  
New Zealand 31 28 32   33   34   34   32   32,2  
Nicaragua 10 21 19   19   19   21   40   40,2  
Niger 1 12 12   12   10   0 e 13   13,3  
Nigeria 3 6 ...   7   7   7   4   6,8  
Norway 36 38 38   36   39   40   40   39,6  
Oman ... 2 2   0   0   0   1   1,2  
Pakistan ... 21 21   23   23   22   22   22,5  
Palau 0 0 0   0   0   0   0   0  
Panama 10 17 17   17   9   9   9   8,5  
Papua New Guinea 2 1 ...   1   1   1   1   2,7  
Paraguay 3 10 10   13   13   13   13   12,5  
Peru ... 18 29   29   28   28   22   21,5  
Philippines 11 15 23   21   18   21   22   22,9  
Poland 13 20 20   20   20   20   24   23,7  
Portugal 17 21 21   28   27   27   27   28,7  
Qatar ... ... 0   0   0   0   0   0  
Republic of Korea 4 13 13   14   14   15   15   15,7  
Republic of Moldova 9 ... 22   22   26   24 e 19   19,8  
Romania 7 11 11   9   11   11   11   11,2  
Russian Federation 8 10 10   14   14   14   14   13,6  
Rwanda 17 49 49   49   56   56   56   56,3  
Saint Kitts and Nevis 13 0 0   7   7   7   7   6,7  
Saint Lucia 11 11 6 i 11   11   11   …   16,7  
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5 23 18   18   18   22   17   17,4  
Samoa 8 6 6   8   8   8   4   4,1  
San Marino 13 17 12   12   15   17   17   18,3  
Sao Tome and Principe 9 9 7   2   7   18   18   18,2  
Saudi Arabia ... 0 0   0   0   0   0   0  
Senegal 12 19 22   22   22   23   23   42,7  
Serbia ... ... 20   22   22   22   22   32,4  
Seychelles 24 29 24   24   24   24   44   43,8  
Sierra Leone 9 15 15   13   13   13   13   12,9  
Singapore 4 16 25   25   25   23   22   23,5  
Slovakia 14 17 19   19   19   15   16   17,3  
Slovenia 10 12 12   12   13   14   14   32,2  
Solomon Islands 2 0 0   0   0   0   0   0  
Somalia ... 8 8   8   6   7   7   13,8  
South Africa 30 33 33   33 j 45 j 45 j 45 j 42,3 j
South Sudan                     27   26,5  
Spain 28 36 36   36   36   37   36   36  
Sri Lanka 5 5 5   6   6   5   6   5,8  
Sudan ... 10 18   18   18   26   25   24,6  
Suriname ... 20 26   26   26   10   10   11,8  
Swaziland 3 11 11   11   14   14   14   13,6  
Sweden 43 45 47   47   47   45   45   44,7  
Switzerland 23 25 25   29   29   29   29   28,5  
Syrian Arab Republic 10 12 12   12   12   12   12   12  
Tajikistan 15 18 18   18   18   19   19   19  
Thailand 5 11 9   12   12   13   16   15,8  
TFYR of Macedonia 7 19 28   32   28   33   31   30,9  
Timor-Leste ... 25 28   29   29   29   29   38,5  
Togo 5 7 9   11   11   11   11   11,1  
Tonga 0 3 3   3   3   0 k 4   3,6  
Trinidad and Tobago 11 19 19   27   27   29   29   28,6  
Tunisia 12 23 23   23   28   28   26   26,7  
Turkey 4 4 9   9   9   9   14   14,2  
Turkmenistan 26 16 16   16   17   17   17   16,8  
Tuvalu 0 0 0   0   0   0   7   6,7  
Uganda 18 24 30   31   31   32   35   35  
Ukraine 8 5 9   8   8   8   8   8  
United Arab Emirates 0 0 23   23   23   23   18   17,5  
United Kingdom 18 20 20   20   20   22   22   22,3  
United Republic of Tanzania 16 21 30   30   30   31 e 36   36  
United States of America 13 15 16   17   17   17 l 17 l 17 l
Uruguay 12 11 11   12   14   15   15   12,1  
Uzbekistan 7 18 18   18   18   22   22   22  
Vanuatu 0 4 4   4   4   4   2   1,9  
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 29 10 19   19   19   18 e 17   17  
Viet Nam 26 27 26   26   26   26   24   24,4  
Yemen 1 0 0   0   0   0   0   0,3  
Zambia 10 13 15   15   15   14   11   11,5  
Zimbabwe ... 17 17   13   15   15   15   15  
                             
Footnotes
… Data not available.
a Bangladesh: In 2004, the number of seats in parliament was raised from 300 to 345, with the addition of 45 reserved seats for women. These reserved seats were filled in September and October 2005, being allocated to political parties in proportion to their share of the national vote received in the 2001 election. 
b Bangladesh: The parliament was dissolved on 27 October 2006. Women held 52 of the 345 seats (15%) in the outgoing parliament.
c Refers to data as of 31 January 2010.
d Refers to data as of 31 October 2010.
e Refers to data as of 31 May 2010.
f Guinea: The parliament was dissolved following the December 2008 coup. 
g Kuwait: No woman candidate was elected in the 2006 elections. One woman was appointed to the 16-member cabinet sworn in in July 2006. A new cabinet sworn in in March 2007 included two women. As cabinet ministers also sit in parliament, there are two women out of a total of 65 members. 
h Kuwait: No woman candidate was elected in the 2008 elections. Two women were appointed to the 16-member cabinet sworn in in June 2008. As cabinet ministers also sit in parliament, there are two women out of a total of 65 members. 
i Saint Lucia: No woman was elected in the 2006 elections. However one woman was appointed Speaker of the House and therefore became a member of the House. 
j South Africa: The figures on the distribution of seats do not include the 36 special rotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats.
 
k Tonga: No women were elected in 2008, however one woman was appointed to the Cabinet. As cabinet ministers also sit in parliament, there is one woman out of a total of 32 members. 
l United States of America: The total refers to all voting members of the House. 

Sources:
Inter-Parliamentary Union. Women in National Parliaments. Situation, available from IPU website.
 


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