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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Education - Primary Education

Primary net enrolment ratio, by sex
Girl's share of primary enrolment

Table 4b. Primary education
Last update: December 2012
  Net enrolment ratio in primary education     Girls' share of primary enrolment
Country Year   Girls Boys   Year   %
Afghanistan …   …   …     2010   39
Albania 2010   80   80     2010   48
Algeria 2010   95   97     2010   47
Andorra 2010   78   77     2010   48
Angola 2010 a 78   93     2010   45
Anguilla 2008 b 93   93     2010   49
Antigua and Barbuda 2010   84   89     2010   47
Argentina 2003   99   100     2009   49
Armenia 2007   88   86     2010   47
Aruba 2010   100   100     2010   49
Australia 2010   97   97     2010   49
Austria …   …   …     2010   48
Azerbaijan 2010 a 84   85     2010   46
Bahamas 2009   100   94     2010   50
Bahrain 2006   98   98     2010   49
Bangladesh …   …   …     2010 a 51
Barbados 2007   97   90     2010 a 49
Belarus …   …   …     2010   49
Belgium 2009   99   99     2009   49
Belize 2008   88   98     2010   49
Benin 2008   81   97     2010   46
Bermuda 2010 b 83   83     2010 b 49
Bhutan 2011   90   87     2011   50
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2007   95   94     2009   49
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2010   88   86     2010   49
Botswana 2009   88   87     2009   49
Brazil 2005   95   94     2010   47
British Virgin Islands 2010 a 85   88     2010   49
Brunei Darussalam …   …   …     2010   48
Bulgaria 2010   98   98     2010   48
Burkina Faso 2011   61   65     2011   47
Burundi 2007   89   91     2010   50
Cambodia 2010   95   96     2010   48
Cameroon 2010   86   99     2010   46
Canada 1999   100   100     2008   49
Cape Verde 2010   92   94     2010   48
Cayman Islands 2007   84   85     2008   48
Central African Republic 2011   59   78     2011   42
Chad 2003 b 51   73     2010   42
Chile 2009   93   94     2009   48
China …   …   …     2010   46
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2010 a 95   93     2010   48
China, Macao Special Administrative Region 2010   84   81     2010   48
Colombia 2010   88   89     2010   49
Comoros 2007   75   81     2008   47
Congo 2010 a 89   92     2010   48
Cook Islands 2010 a 95   94     2011   49
Costa Rica …   …   …     2010   48
Cτte d'Ivoire 2009   56   67     2011   45
Croatia 2010   87   87     2010   49
Cuba 2011   98   98     2011   48
Cyprus 2010 a 99   99     2010   49
Czech Republic 1999 b 96   96     2009   49
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1999   32   34     2010   46
Denmark 2009   97   95     2009   49
Djibouti 2009 b 42   47     2011   47
Dominica 2009   95   94     2010   49
Dominican Republic 2010   87   93     2010   46
Ecuador 2009   98   96     2009   49
Egypt 2009 b 94   98     2010 b 48
El Salvador 2010   94   94     2010   48
Equatorial Guinea 2010   56   57     2010   49
Eritrea 2010   31   36     2010   45
Estonia 2009   93   95     2009   48
Ethiopia 2010   79   84     2010   47
Fiji 2009   97   97     2009   48
Finland 2010   98   98     2010   49
France 2010   99   98     2010   49
Gabon …   …   …     2011   49
Gambia 2010   67   64     2010   50
Georgia 2007   93   95     2010   47
Germany 2010 b 98   98     2010   49
Ghana 2011   84   84     2011   49
Gibraltar …   …   …     2009   49
Greece 2007   99   98     2007   49
Grenada 2009   87   87     2010   49
Guatemala 2010   96   98     2010   48
Guinea 2010   70   83     2010   45
Guinea-Bissau 2010   72   75     2010   48
Guyana 2010   82   79     2010   49
Haiti …   …   …     1998   49
Honduras 2010   96   94     2010   49
Hungary 2009   92   93     2009   48
Iceland 2009   99   99     2009   49
India 2008   92   93     2008   48
Indonesia 2010   97   95     2010   50
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2007 b 100   99     2010   49
Iraq 2007 b 84   94     2007   44
Ireland 2010   95   95     2010   49
Israel 2009   97   97     2009   49
Italy 2010   97   98     2010   48
Jamaica 2010   81   83     2010   49
Japan …   …   …     2010   49
Jordan 2010   91   91     2010   49
Kazakhstan 2011   88   89     2011   49
Kenya 2009 b 83   82     2009   49
Kiribati 2002 b 97   97     2009   50
Kuwait 2008   94   91     2010   49
Kyrgyzstan 2010   87   88     2010   49
Lao People's Democratic Republic 2010   95   98     2010   47
Latvia 2010   96   94     2010   48
Lebanon 2010   91   92     2010   48
Lesotho 2010   75   72     2010   49
Liberia 1999   40   52     2008   47
Libya …   …   …     2006   48
Liechtenstein 2010 a 92   95     2010   49
Lithuania 2010   92   93     2010   48
Luxembourg 2008   96   94     2008   49
Madagascar 2003   79   79     2010   49
Malawi 2009   99   94     2010   50
Malaysia 2005   96   96     2009   48
Maldives 2011   96   96     2011   48
Mali 2011   59   67     2011   46
Malta 2010   94   93     2010   49
Marshall Islands 2002   95   97     2011   48
Mauritania 2010   76   72     2010   50
Mauritius 2010   94   92     2010   49
Mexico 2010   98   98     2010   49
Micronesia (Federated States of) …   …   …     2007   49
Monaco …   …   …     2010   51
Mongolia 2010   98   99     2010   49
Montenegro               2010   48
Montserrat 2007 a 96   89     2009   49
Morocco 2011   95   96     2011   47
Mozambique 2011   87   92     2011   47
Myanmar …   …   …     2010   50
Namibia 2009   88   83     2009   49
Nauru …   …   …     2008   50
Nepal 2000 b,c 64   78     2011   50
Netherlands 2010   100   100     2010   49
Netherlands Antilles …   …   …     2002   49
New Zealand 2010   99   99     2010   49
Nicaragua 2010   93   92     2010   48
Niger 2011   57   68     2011   44
Nigeria 2010 b 55   60     2010   47
Niue 1999 a 98   99     2005   51
Norway 2010   99   99     2010   49
Occupied Palestinian Territory 2010   86   87     2010   48
Oman 2009   92   95     2009   48
Pakistan 2010 a 67   81     2010   44
Palau 2000 b 94   98     2007 b 48
Panama 2010   97   99     2010   48
Papua New Guinea …   …   …     2008   45
Paraguay 2009   85   85     2009   48
Peru 2010   96   95     2010   49
Philippines 2009   89   88     2009   48
Poland 2009   96   96     2009   48
Portugal 2009   99   99     2009   48
Puerto Rico 2010   88   83     2010   49
Qatar 2010   92   92     2010   49
Republic of Korea 2010   98   99     2010   48
Republic of Moldova 2010 a 87   88     2010   48
Romania 2010   87   88     2010   48
Russian Federation 2009   93   93     2009   49
Rwanda 2008 b 92   89     2011   51
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2010   83   83     2010   49
Saint Lucia 2010   87   89     2010   49
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2010   91   96     2010   48
Samoa 2010   96   92     2010   48
San Marino 2009 a 93   91     2010   50
Sao Tome and Principe 2010   100   97     2011   49
Saudi Arabia 2009   89   90     2010   49
Senegal 2010   78   73     2010   51
Serbia 2010 a 92   93     2010   49
Seychelles 2005   94   96     2010   50
Sierra Leone …   …   …     2011   49
Singapore …   …   …     2009   48
Slovakia …   …   …     2010   49
Slovenia 2009   97   97     2009   48
Solomon Islands 2007   81   83     2007   47
Somalia …   …   …     2007   35
South Africa 2009 b 85   85     2009   49
Spain 2010   100   100     2010   48
Sri Lanka 2010   94   94     2010   49
Sudan (pre-secession) 2001 b 39   47     2009   46
Suriname 2009   91   91     2009   48
Swaziland 2010   85   86     2010   48
Sweden 2010   99   100     2010   49
Switzerland 2010   94   94     2010   48
Syrian Arab Republic 2009   92   94     2010   48
Tajikistan 2010   95   99     2010   48
Thailand 2009   89   90     2009   48
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2010   89   87     2010   48
Timor-Leste 2010   85   86     2010   48
Togo 2008   87   97     2010   47
Tokelau …   …   …     2003   50
Tonga 2004   93   97     2007   47
Trinidad and Tobago 2010   94   94     2010   48
Tunisia 2009   98   99     2009   48
Turkey 2009   97   98     2009   49
Turks and Caicos Islands 2005 b 81   75     2009   49
Tuvalu …   …   …     2006   48
Uganda 2010   92   90     2010   50
Ukraine 2010 a 91   90     2010   49
United Arab Emirates 2006   90   87     2010   49
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009   100   100     2009   49
United Republic of Tanzania 2008   98   98     2010   50
United States of America 2010   95   94     2010   49
Uruguay 2009   99   99     2009   48
Uzbekistan 2011   88   91     2011   48
Vanuatu 2005   97   100     2010   47
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2010   92   93     2010   48
Viet Nam …   …   …     2010   47
Yemen 2010   70   85     2010   44
Zambia 2010   92   90     2010   50
                     

 

Footnotes    
… Data not available.    
a National estimation.    
UIS estimation.    
c Policy change: Introduction of free universal primary education.
       
Sources:
Net enrolment ratio in primary education 
UNESCO Institute for Statistics, table 5: Enrolment ratios by ISCED level, available from UIS website, http://www.uis.unesco.org.
Girls’ share of primary enrolment
UNESCO Institute for Statistics, table 5: Enrolment ratios by ISCED level, available from UIS website, http://www.uis.unesco.org.
 
Technical notes:
Statistics on enrolment are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics (UIS) from data provided by national Governments.
The 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 97) defines primary education as programmes that are normally designed on a unit or project basis to give students a sound basic education in reading, writing and mathematics along with an elementary understanding of other subjects such as history, geography, natural science, social science, art and music. The customary or legal age of entrance to this level of education ranges between ages 5 to 7 years, and is the start of compulsory education where it exists. This level covers in principle six years of full-time schooling.
The primary-level net enrolment ratio (NER) is the number of boys and girls of primary-school age that are enrolled in primary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group. It shows the extent of participation in primary education of children belonging to the official age group corresponding to primary education in the given country. A high primary NER denotes a high degree of participation of primary school-age children in primary education. The theoretical maximum value is 100%. If the primary NER is below 100%, then the complement, i.e. the difference with 100%, provides a measure of the proportion of children not enrolled at the specified level of education. However, since some of these children could be enrolled at levels of education other than primary level, this difference should in no way be considered as indicating the percentage of primary school-age children not enrolled.
The girls’ share of primary enrolment refers to the percentage of students enrolled in primary education who are female. This indicator helps assess gender disparity with regard to participation in primary education. When the indicator approaches 50% it reflects a good level of gender parity.
While enrolment data by sex offer an easy way of comparing the extent to which boys and girls are enrolled in schools, these statistics do not reflect differences between boys and girls in rates of school attendance or absenteeism, repetition and dropping out.


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