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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Education - Secondary Education

Secondary net enrolment ratio, by sex
Girl's share of secondary enrolment

Table 4c. Secondary education
Last update: December 2012
  Net enrolment ratio in secondary education Girls' share of secondary enrolment
Country or area Year   Girls Boys   Year   %
Afghanistan 2007 a 13   34     2010   32
Albania 2003   73   75     2010   48
Algeria 2004 a 69   65     2009   49
Andorra 2010   75   74     2010   48
Angola 2009   11   12     2010   41
Anguilla 2008 a 76   80     2010   50
Antigua and Barbuda 2010   85   85     2010   51
Argentina 2009   87   78     2009   52
Armenia 2010   88   85     2010   48
Aruba 2009   75   72     2010   50
Australia 2010   86   85     2010   47
Austria …   …   …     2010   48
Azerbaijan 2006 b 78   81     2010   47
Bahamas 2010   88   82     2010   51
Bahrain 2006   97   92     2010   50
Bangladesh 2010 b 50   45     2010   52
Barbados 2010 b 88   81     2010 b 50
Belarus …   …   …     2007   49
Belgium 2005   87   90     2009   48
Belize 2003 a 65   64     2010   52
Benin 2001 a 13   27     2005 a 35
Bermuda 2010   51   48     2010   53
Bhutan 2011   57   50     2011   50
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2009   69   68     2009   49
Bosnia and Herzegovina …   …   …     2010   49
Botswana 2009 a 65   57     2009 a 51
Brazil …   …   …     2010   51
British Virgin Islands 2007 a 89   79     2010   50
Brunei Darussalam 2009   99   95     2010   49
Bulgaria 2010   82   84     2010   48
Burkina Faso 2011   16   19     2011   43
Burundi 2010   15   18     2010   42
Cambodia 2007   33   37     2010 a 46
Cameroon …   …   …     2010 a 45
Canada …   …   …     2008   48
Cape Verde 2010   71   61     2010   54
Cayman Islands 2008   78   74     2008   52
Central African Republic 2011 a 10   18     2011   36
Chad 2003 a 5   16     2010   29
Chile 2009   84   81     2009   50
China …   …   …     2010   47
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2010 b 76   75     2010   49
China, Macao Special Administrative Region 2010   75   78     2010   49
Colombia 2010   77   72     2010   51
Comoros …   …   …     2005 a 43
Congo …   …   …     2004 a 46
Cook Islands 2011 b 84   72     2011   52
Costa Rica …   …   …     2010   50
Cτte d'Ivoire …   …   …     2002 a 36
Croatia 2010   94   88     2010   50
Cuba 2011   87   87     2011   48
Cyprus 2010 b 96   96     2010   49
Czech Republic …   …   …     2009   49
Democratic Republic of the Congo …   …   …     2010   36
Denmark 2009   91   88     2009   49
Djibouti 2008 a 20   28     2011   44
Dominica 2007 a 93   84     2010   51
Dominican Republic 2010   67   58     2010   52
Ecuador 2007   59   58     2008 a 50
Egypt 2010 a 69   71     2010   48
El Salvador 2010   59   57     2010   50
Equatorial Guinea …   …   …     2002 a 36
Eritrea 2010   25   32     2010   43
Estonia 2009   93   91     2009   49
Ethiopia 2001 a 11   17     2010   45
Fiji 2007 a 88   79     2009   51
Finland 2010   94   94     2010   50
France 2010   99   98     2010   49
Gabon …   …   …     2000 a 46
Gambia …   …   …     2010 a 49
Georgia 2008   80   84     2008   49
Germany …   …   …     2010   47
Ghana 2011 a 47   51     2011   46
Gibraltar …   …   …     2009   47
Greece 2007   90   91     2007   47
Grenada 2008   86   95     2010   50
Guatemala 2010   40   43     2010   48
Guinea 2009 a 22   36     2009 a 36
Guinea-Bissau 2000 a 7   12     2000   35
Guyana 2009 a 83   78     2010   51
Honduras …   …   …     2010   54
Hungary 2009   91   91     2009   49
Iceland 2009   89   87     2009   50
India …   …   …     2010   46
Indonesia 2010   67   68     2010   49
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2010   80   92     2010   45
Iraq 2007 a 39   49     2007   41
Ireland 2010   100   98     2010   50
Israel 2009   100   97     2009   49
Italy 2010   94   94     2010   48
Jamaica 2010   87   80     2010   50
Japan 2010   100   99     2010   49
Jordan 2010   88   83     2010   50
Kazakhstan 2011   89   90     2011   48
Kenya 2009   48   52     2009   47
Kiribati 2005 a 72   65     2008   51
Kuwait 2008   93   86     2010   50
Kyrgyzstan 2010 b 79   79     2010 b 49
Lao People's Democratic Republic 2010   38   42     2010   45
Latvia 2010   84   83     2010   49
Lebanon 2010   79   71     2010   52
Lesotho 2010   37   23     2010   58
Liberia …   …   …     2000   42
Libya …   …   …     2006   53
Liechtenstein 2010 b 64   64     2010   50
Lithuania 2010   91   91     2010   48
Luxembourg 2008   86   84     2008   50
Madagascar 2008   24   23     2009 a 49
Malawi 2010   27   28     2010   47
Malaysia 2009   71   65     2009   51
Maldives 2002 a 52   46     2004 a 52
Mali 2011   25   36     2011   41
Malta 2010   80   82     2010   46
Marshall Islands 2007   64   60     2009   50
Mauritania 2007 a 15   17     2010 a 45
Mauritius 2004 a 74   74     2010 a 49
Mexico 2010   73   70     2010   51
Micronesia (Federated States of) …   …   …     2005   49
Monaco …   …   …     2010   49
Mongolia 2006 a 85   77     2010   51
Montenegro               2010   49
Montserrat 2007 b 96   95     2009   48
Morocco 2003 a 32   38     2007 a 46
Mozambique 2011   17   18     2011   46
Myanmar 2010   52   49     2010   51
Namibia 2007 a 57   44     2007   54
Nauru …   …   …     2008   51
Nepal …   …   …     2008   47
Netherlands 2010   88   87     2010   48
Netherlands Antilles 2002   84   76     2002   52
New Zealand 2010   95   94     2010   50
Nicaragua 2010   49   43     2010   52
Niger 2008 a 8   13     2010   40
Nigeria …   …   …     2010   46
Niue 1999 b 96   91     2005   48
Norway 2010   94   94     2010   48
Occupied Palestinian Territory 2010   87   81     2010   51
Oman 2009   90   89     2009   42
Pakistan 2010   29   38     2010   50
Palau …   …   …     2004   51
Panama 2010   72   66     2010   40
Papua New Guinea …   …   …     1998   50
Paraguay 2009   62   58     2009   49
Peru 2010   78   77     2010   51
Philippines 2009   67   56     2009   49
Poland 2009   92   90     2009   50
Portugal 2006   86   78     2009   50
Puerto Rico …   …   …     2010   49
Qatar 2010   93   76     2010   47
Republic of Korea 2010 a 95   96     2010   50
Republic of Moldova 2010 b 79   78     2010   48
Romania 2009   83   82     2010   48
Russian Federation …   …   …     2009   52
Rwanda …   …   …     2011   49
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2010 b 88   89     2010   49
Saint Lucia 2010 a 85   85     2010   50
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2008   96   85     2010   51
Samoa 2010   83   73     2010   48
San Marino …   …   …     2010   53
Sao Tome and Principe 2011 a 52   44     2011   48
Saudi Arabia 2010   83   78     2010   46
Senegal 2006   19   24     2010   49
Serbia 2010 b 91   89     2010   49
Seychelles 2004   100   92     2010   42
Sierra Leone …   …   …     2001 a 48
Singapore …   …   …     2009   49
Slovakia …   …   …     2010   49
Slovenia 2009   92   91     2009   44
Solomon Islands 2007   29   32     2007   31
Somalia …   …   …     2007 a 51
South Africa 2000 a 65   59     2009   49
Spain 2010   96   94     2010   49
Sri Lanka …   …   …     2004 a 46
Sudan (pre-secession) …   …   …     2009   54
Suriname 2009 a 55   46     2009   50
Swaziland 2010   37   29     2010   48
Sweden 2010   94   94     2010   48
Switzerland 2010   82   84     2010   49
Syrian Arab Republic 2010   67   67     2010   46
Tajikistan 2010   80   90     2010   51
Thailand 2011   78   70     2011   48
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2005   81   82     2010   49
Timor-Leste 2010   39   34     2010   35
Togo 2000 a 16   33     2007 a 48
Tokelau …   …   …     2003   48
Tonga 2004 a 80   67     2006   51
Trinidad and Tobago 2004 a 70   66     2008 a 50
Tunisia 2001 a 66   64     2009 a 47
Turkey 2009 a 71   77     2009   52
Turks and Caicos Islands 2005 a 69   72     2009   46
Tuvalu …   …   …     2001   46
Uganda 2004   15   17     2010 a 48
Ukraine 2010 b 86   86     2010 b 50
United Arab Emirates 2006   82   80     2010 a 49
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009   97   95     2009   49
United States of America 2010   90   89     2010   52
Uruguay 2008   73   66     2008   49
Uzbekistan 2009   91   93     2011   49
Vanuatu 2010   49   46     2010   51
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2010   76   68     2010   51
Viet Nam …   …   …     2010   37
Yemen 2010 a 31   49     2010 a  
                     

 
Footnotes  
… Data not available
a UIS estimation
b National estimation
     
Sources:
Net enrolment ratio in secondary education
UNESCO Institute for Statistics, table 5: Enrolment ratios by ISCED level, available from UIS website, http://www.uis.unesco.org.
Girls’ share of secondary enrolment 
UNESCO Institute for Statistics, table 5: Enrolment ratios by ISCED level, available from UIS website, http://www.uis.unesco.org.
Technical notes:
Statistics on enrolment are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics (UIS) from data provided by national Governments.
The 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 97) defines second-level education as education programmes at ISCED levels 2 and 3. Lower secondary education (ISCED 2) is generally designed to continue the basic programmes of primary level but is typically more subject-focused, requiring more specialized teachers for each subject area. The end of this level often coincides with the end of compulsory education where it exists. In upper secondary education (ISCED 3), the final stage of secondary education in most countries, instruction is often organized even more along subject lines and teachers typically need higher or more subject-specific qualification than ISCED level 2.
The second-level net enrolment ratio (NER) is the number of boys and girls in the theoretical second-level age group that are enrolled in that level, expressed as a percentage of the total population in the corresponding age group. It shows the extent of participation in second-level education of children or youth belonging to the official age group corresponding to second-level education in the given country. A high second-level NER denotes a high degree of participation of secondary school-age children or youth in second-level education. The theoretical maximum value is 100%. If the second-level NER is below 100%, then the complement, i.e. the difference with 100%, provides a measure of the proportion of children or youth of secondary school age not enrolled at that level of education. However, since some of these children or youth could be enrolled at levels of education other than the secondary level, this difference should in no way be considered as indicating the percentage of secondary school-age children not enrolled.
The girls’ share of secondary enrolment refers to the percentage of students enrolled in secondary education who are female. This indicator helps assess gender disparity with regard to participation in secondary education. When the indicator approaches 50% it reflects a good level of gender parity.
While enrolment data offer an easy way of comparing the number of boys and girls enrolled in schools, these statistics do not reflect differences between boys and girls in rates of school attendance or absenteeism, repetition and dropping out.


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