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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Education -  Teaching Staff

Percentage of teachers who are women, for primary education
Percentage of teachers who are women, for secondary education
Percentage of teachers who are women, for tertiary education

Table 4e. Teaching staff
Last update: June 2013
  Female teachers, Primary education Female teachers, Secondary education   Female teachers, Tertiary education
Country or area Year   %   Year   %   Year   %  
Afghanistan 2011   31   2007   28   2009   16  
Albania 2011   83   2011   63   2011   51  
Algeria 2011   55   …   …   2011   39  
Andorra 2011   79   2005   59   2009   61  
Angola 2007   40   2001 a 30   2010   29  
Anguilla 2011   75   2011   68   2008   43  
Antigua and Barbuda 2011   91   2011   71   2011 b 63  
Argentina 2008   87   2008   68   2009   49  
Armenia 2007   100   2010   84   2011   55  
Aruba 2011   85   2010   59   2011   54  
Austria 2011   90   2011   63   2011   39  
Azerbaijan 2011   89   …   …   2011   53  
Bahamas 2010   92   2010   76   …   …  
Bahrain 2002 a 76   2002 a 54   2011   38  
Bangladesh 2011   54   2011   22   2011   17  
Barbados 2011   78   2006   59   2007   49  
Belarus 2010   99   …   …   2011   59  
Belgium 2010   81   2002   59   2010   45  
Belize 2011   73   2011 a 60   2011   46  
Benin 2011   20   2004 a 12   2009   8  
Bermuda 2011   91   2011   67   2011   55  
Bhutan 2012   40   2012   39   2011   24  
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2004 a 61   2004 a 53   2007   29  
Bosnia and Herzegovina …   …   …   …   2011   40  
Botswana 2009   76   2007   50   2005   37  
Brazil 2011   90   2011   66   2011   45  
British Virgin Islands 2011   93   2011   64   2009   44  
Brunei Darussalam 2011   76   2011   65   2011   45  
Bulgaria 2010   94   2010   79   2010   49  
Burkina Faso 2012   38   2012   17   2011   8  
Burundi 2011   53   2011   20   2010   12  
Cambodia 2011   48   2007   32   2011   12  
Cameroon 2011   50   2011   28   2010 a 19  
Canada 2000   68   …   …   2000   41  
Cape Verde 2011   67   2011   41   2011   39  
Cayman Islands 2011   85   2011   48   2008   59  
Central African Republic 2011   18   2011   12   2011   9  
Chad 2011   15   2011   7   2009   4  
Chile 2011   78   2011   62   2011   41  
China 2011   58   2011   49   2011   45  
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2011   78   …   …   …   …  
China, Macao Special Administrative Region 2011   87   2011   59   2011   35  
Colombia 2011   79   2011   51   2009 b 66  
Comoros 2011   28   2005 a 13   2011   8  
Congo 2010   53   2004 a 13   2011   7  
Cook Islands 2010   86   2011   57   …   …  
Costa Rica 2011   80   2011   60   …   …  
Cτte d'Ivoire 2011   27   …   …   …   …  
Croatia 2010   92   2010   69   2010   44  
Cuba 2011   78   2011   55   2011   52  
Cyprus 2010   83   2010   64   2010   39  
Czech Republic 2011   97   2011   66   2011   36  
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011   27   2010   11   2011   5  
Denmark 2001   64   2001   48   …   …  
Djibouti 2012   25   2012   24   2007   17  
Dominica 2011   86   2011   72   …   …  
Dominican Republic 2011   78   2011   67   2004 a 41  
Ecuador 2011   71   2011   54   2008   31  
Egypt 2010   53   2009   44   …   …  
El Salvador 2011   73   2011   53   2011   36  
Equatorial Guinea 2011   40   2000 a 4   2000   16  
Eritrea 2011   41   2011   15   2004   14  
Estonia 2010   93   2010   77   2006 a 48  
Ethiopia 2011   37   2011   26   2011   9  
Fiji 2011   61   2011   50   2011   0  
Finland 2011   79   2011   65   2011   50  
France 2011   83   2011   59   2004   39  
Gabon 2011   53   1999 a 16   1999   17  
Gambia 2011   29   …   …   2004   16  
Georgia 2010 b 86   2009 b 86   2010   52  
Germany 2010   86   2010   59   2010   39  
Ghana 2012   37   2012   25   2012   18  
Gibraltar 2009   78   2009   46   …   …  
Greece 2007   65   2007   58   2007   35  
Grenada 2010   79   2010   62   …   …  
Guatemala 2010   66   2010   45   …   …  
Guinea 2012   30   2012   6   2011   4  
Guinea-Bissau 2010   22   2000 a 6   …   …  
Guyana 2011   88   2011   69   2011   59  
Haiti 1998   32   …   …   …   …  
Holy See …   …   …   …   1999   8  
Honduras 2009   73   2004   55   2010   39  
Hungary 2011   96   2011   71   2011   38  
Iceland …   …   …   …   2010   47  
India 2004 a 44   2010   40   2004   40  
Indonesia 2011   64   2011   54   2011   41  
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2009   57   …   …   2011   24  
Iraq 2007 a 69   2007   55   2005 a 35  
Ireland 2011   85   …   …   2009   38  
Israel 2010   85   2009 a 73   …   …  
Italy 2007   95   2007   67   2010   36  
Jamaica 2010   91   2010   73   2003 a 60  
Japan 2006 a 65   …   …   2006 b 18  
Jordan 2003 a 64   2003 a 58   2010   25  
Kazakhstan 2012   98   2012   85   2012   64  
Kenya 2009 a 44   2009 a 41   …   …  
Kiribati 2008   82   2008   48   …   …  
Kuwait 2011   90   2011   54   2004 a 27  
Kyrgyzstan 2011   98   2010   83   2011   61  
Lao People's Democratic Republic 2011   52   2011   48   2011   31  
Latvia 2011   93   2011   82   2011   59  
Lebanon 2011   87   2011   58   2011   41  
Lesotho 2010   77   2010 a 56   2006   47  
Liberia 2011   14   2000   26   2001 a 16  
Libya …   …   …   …   2002 a 13  
Liechtenstein 2011   78   2011   53   2011   27  
Lithuania 2011   96   2011   81   2011   55  
Luxembourg 2010   74   2010   52   2010   43  
Madagascar 2011   56   2009   45   2011   31  
Malawi 2011 a 40   2011 a 28   2011   26  
Malaysia 2010   69   2010   67   2010   50  
Maldives 2011   72   2003   35   2003   67  
Mali 2011   28   2011   11   …   …  
Malta 2010   85   2010   60   2010   30  
Marshall Islands 2002   34   2003 a 39   2003 a 51  
Mauritania 2011   36   2007 a 10   2011   6  
Mauritius 2011   71   2010   58   …   …  
Mexico 2011   67   2011   49   …   …  
Monaco 2001   87   2008   68   …   …  
Mongolia 2011   96   2010   73   2011   57  
Montenegro 2012   74   …   …   …   …  
Montserrat 2009   97   2009   74   …   …  
Morocco 2012   52   2004 a 33   2009   17  
Mozambique 2012   41   2012 a 19   2011   25  
Myanmar 2010   84   2010   85   2011   81  
Namibia 2010   68   2005   50   2008   41  
Nauru 2008   93   2007   79   …   …  
Nepal 2012   42   2012   22   …   …  
Netherlands …   …   2010   49   2010   40  
Netherlands Antilles 2002   86   2002   55   2002 a 46  
New Zealand 2010   84   2010   62   2010   51  
Nicaragua 2010   77   2010   55   2003 a 46  
Niger 2012   46   2012   21   2010   12  
Nigeria 2010   48   2010   46   2004   17  
Niue 2005 a 100   2005   68   …   …  
Norway …   …   …   …   2001   36  
Oman 2003 a 62   2003 a 52   2011   37  
Pakistan 2011   48   2004 b 51   2011 b 37  
Palau 2000   79   2000   59   2002 a 46  
Panama 2011   76   2011   60   2010   46  
Papua New Guinea 2006 a 43   1998   35   1999 a 20  
Paraguay 2004 a 72   2004 a 62   …   …  
Peru 2011   66   2011   44   …   …  
Philippines 2009   90   2009   76   2005 a 56  
Poland 2010   84   2010   70   2010   43  
Portugal 2010   80   2010   69   2010   44  
Puerto Rico 2010   81   2010   78   …   …  
Qatar 2011   92   2011   55   2011   39  
Republic of Korea 2010   78   2010   55   2010   34  
Republic of Moldova 2011   98   2011   77   2011   56  
Romania 2010   86   2010   68   2010   46  
Russian Federation 2009   98   2009   81   2009   56  
Rwanda 2011   52   2011   28   2010   16  
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2011   88   2011   64   …   …  
Saint Lucia 2011   87   2011 b 70   2011   53  
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2010   78   2010   64   …   …  
Samoa 2010   77   2010   58   2001 a 43  
San Marino 2011   92   2011   76   …   …  
Sao Tome and Principe 2012   56   2011 a 20   2010   26  
Saudi Arabia 2011 b 50   2009 a 52   2011   38  
Senegal 2011   31   2011 b 18   …   …  
Serbia 2011   84   2011   64   2011   46  
Seychelles 2011   88   2011   58   2011   41  
Sierra Leone 2011   25   2001   27   2002 a 15  
Singapore 2009   81   2009   66   2012   38  
Slovakia 2011   89   2011   74   2011   44  
Slovenia 2011   97   2011   73   2011   39  
Solomon Islands 2010   45   2010   29   …   …  
Somalia 2007   17   2007 a 14   …   …  
South Africa 2009   77   2009   55   …   …  
Spain 2011   75   2011   55   2011   40  
Sri Lanka 2011   85   …   …   2011   43  
State of Palestine 2011   70   2011   51   2011   19  
Sudan (pre-secession) 2009 a 61   2009 a 55   2000 a 23  
Suriname 2011   94   2011   72   2002 a 48  
Swaziland 2011   71   2011   48   2011   55  
Sweden 2011   82   2011   59   2011   43  
Switzerland …   …   …   …   2011   37  
Syrian Arab Republic 2002   69   2002 a 51   …   …  
Tajikistan 2011   75   2011   46   2011   35  
Thailand 2008   60   2011   51   2011   69  
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2010   79   2010   56   2010   48  
Timor-Leste 2011   40   2011   29   2009   25  
Togo 2012   14   2007 a 7   2007 a 11  
Tokelau 2003   69   2003 a 41   …   …  
Tonga 2007   71   2002   52   2000 a 23  
Trinidad and Tobago 2010 b 79   2008 a 63   2005 a 33  
Tunisia 2011   56   2011   51   2011   47  
Turkey …   …   …   …   2010   41  
Turks and Caicos Islands 2005 a 89   2005 a 62   …   …  
Tuvalu 2003 a 80   …   …   …   …  
Uganda 2010   41   2008 a 25   2011   44  
Ukraine 2011   99   2000   76   …   …  
United Arab Emirates 2011   87   2011   58   2011   29  
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2010   87   2008 b 62   2010   43  
United Republic of Tanzania 2012   52   2012   28   2012   30  
United States of America 2010   87   2010   61   2010   47  
Uruguay 1999 a 92   1999   72   2009   50  
Uzbekistan 2011   87   2011   62   2011   38  
Vanuatu 2010   54   2002 a 36   …   …  
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) …   …   …   …   2008 a,b 34  
Viet Nam 2011   77   1998   64   2011   47  
Yemen 2011   27   2011   29   2007   17  
Zambia 2011 a 51   …   …   …   …  
Zimbabwe …   …   …   …   2011   32  
                         

 

Footnotes    
… Data not available  
a UIS Estimation  
b National Estimation  
     
 

Sources:

Calculated by the United Nations Statistics Division based on data published by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics in table 4: Teaching staff by ISCED level, available from UIS website, http://www.uis.unesco.org. The list of countries or areas as well as the related years are the one reported by UNESCO.

 
Technical notes:
Statistics on teachers (teaching staff) are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics (UIS) from data provided by national Governments.
Teachers refer to persons employed full-time or part-time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. Excluded from this category are educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity.
Definitions of primary, secondary and tertiary education are elaborated in the 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 97). A concise definition of each is given under tables 4b, 4c and 4d.
The percentage of female teachers at each level of education refers to the number of female teachers at each level of education expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the same level in a given school-year. This indicator shows the gender composition of the teaching force. It helps also in assessing the need for opportunities and/or incentives to encourage women and men to participate in teaching activities at a given level of education. A percentage of female teachers approaching 50% indicates gender parity in the composition of the teaching force at a given level of education. A value greater than 50% reveals a concentration of women in teaching at a specified level.
 


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