Population growth and distribution

Last update: Dec 2007

Country or area
%
%
women/100 men
Source
Afghanistan
4.6
23
81
IMP
Albania
0.4
45
103
CZS
Algeria
1.5
63
82
CZS
American Samoa
2.3
91
96
POB
Andorra
0.4
91
103
CZS
Angola
2.8
53
96
POB
Anguilla
1.7
100
117
POB
Antigua and Barbuda
1.3
39
123
POB
Argentina
1.0
90
115
POB
Armenia
-0.4
64
143
POB
Aruba
1.5
47
130
POB
Australia1
1.1
88
107
POB
Austria
0.2
66
108
POB
Azerbaijan
0.6
52
137
POB
Bahamas
1.4
90
94
POB
Bahrain
1.6
97
45
CZS
Bangladesh
1.9
25
16
POB
Barbados
0.3
53
150
POB
Belarus
-0.6
72
137
POB
Belgium
0.2
97
96
CZS
Belize
2.1
48
102
POB
Benin
3.2
40
85
CZS
Bermuda
0.4
100
107
POB
Bhutan
2.2
11
81
IMP
Bolivia
2.0
64
93
POB
Bosnia and Herzegovina
0.3
46
103
IMP
Botswana
0.1
57
80
CZS
Brazil
1.4
84
86
POB
British Virgin Islands
1.4
61
95
POB
Brunei Darussalam
2.3
74
88
POB
Bulgaria
-0.7
70
138
POB
Burkina Faso
3.2
18
105
POB
Burundi
3.0
10
116
POB
Cambodia
2.0
20
105
CZS
Cameroon
1.9
55
81
POB
Canada
1.0
80
108
POB
Cape Verde
2.4
57
102
POB
Cayman Islands
2.5
100
96
POB
Central African Republic
1.3
38
87
CZS
Chad
3.4
25
86
POB
Channel Islands2
0.4
31
121
POB
Chile
1.1
88
110
POB
China3
0.6
40
96
IMP
China, Hong Kong SAR4
1.2
100
118
POB
China, Macao SAR5
0.7
100
123
POB
Colombia
1.6
73
100
POB
Comoros6
2.6
37
111
POB
Congo
3.0
60
99
POB
Cook Islands
-1.0
70
80
POB
Costa Rica
1.9
62
99
POB
Côte d'Ivoire
1.6
45
82
CZS, POB
Croatia
0.2
56
112
POB
Cuba
0.3
76
36
POB
Cyprus
1.2
69
142
POB
Czech Republic
-0.1
74
116
POB
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
0.6
62
117
IMP
Democratic Republic of the Congo
2.8
32
86
POB, CZS
Denmark
0.3
86
103
POB
Djibouti
2.1
86
87
IMP
Dominica
0.3
73
86
POB
Dominican Republic
1.5
67
64
POB
Ecuador
1.4
63
98
POB
Egypt
1.9
43
88
POB
El Salvador
1.8
60
122
POB
Equatorial Guinea
2.3
39
89
CZS
Eritrea
4.3
19
87
IMP
Estonia
-0.6
69
147
POB
Ethiopia
2.4
16
87
POB
Faeroe Islands
0.6
39
78
POB
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
0.5
90
68
POB
Fiji
0.9
51
92
POB
Finland7
0.3
61
104
POB
France
0.4
77
107
POB
French Guiana
2.6
76
105
POB
French Polynesia
1.7
52
71
POB
Gabon
1.7
84
75
CZS
Gambia
2.8
54
95
POB
Georgia
-1.1
52
60
POB
Germany
0.1
75
94
CZS
Ghana
2.1
48
125
POB
Gibraltar
0.2
100
105
POB
Greece
0.3
59
125
CZS
Greenland
0.3
83
37
POB
Grenada
0.3
31
114
POB
Guadeloupe
0.9
100
113
POB
Guam
1.8
94
87
POB
Guatemala
2.4
47
138
POB
Guinea
2.2
33
112
CZS
Guinea-Bissau
3.0
30
100
POB
Guyana
0.2
28
91
POB
Haiti
1.4
39
161
POB
Honduras
2.3
46
95
POB
Hungary
-0.3
66
110
POB
Iceland
0.9
93
116
POB
India
1.6
29
90
POB
Indonesia
1.3
48
85
CZS
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
0.9
67
66
POB
Iraq
2.8
67
45
CZS
Ireland
1.7
60
100
POB
Isle of Man
-0.1
52
85
POB
Israel
2.0
92
127
POB
Italy
0.1
68
126
POB
Jamaica
0.5
53
111
POB
Japan
0.2
66
117
CZS
Jordan
2.7
82
96
CZS
Kazakhstan
-0.3
57
137
POB
Kenya
2.2
21
92
POB
Kiribati
2.1
47
95
POB
Kuwait
3.7
98
45
CZS
Kyrgyzstan
1.2
36
139
POB
Lao People's Democratic Republic
2.3
21
93
CZS
Latvia
-0.6
68
137
POB
Lebanon
1.0
87
135
POB
Lesotho
0.1
19
101
CZS
Liberia
1.4
58
82
POB
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
2.0
85
55
CZS
Liechtenstein
1.0
15
106
CZS
Lithuania
-0.4
67
130
POB
Luxembourg
1.3
83
100
CZS
Madagascar
2.8
27
62
CZS
Malawi
2.3
17
107
POB
Malaysia
1.9
67
71
POB
Maldives
2.5
30
81
IMP
Mali
3.0
30
93
CZS
Malta
0.5
95
129
CZS
Marshall Islands
3.5
67
70
POB
Martinique
0.5
98
121
POB
Mauritania
3.0
40
73
CZS
Mauritius8
1.0
42
172
POB
Mexico
1.3
76
93
POB
Micronesia (Federated States of)
0.6
22
54
POB
Monaco
1.1
100
101
POB
Mongolia
1.2
57
117
CZS
Montenegro9
-0.1
52
132
POB
Montserrat
2.8
14
86
POB
Morocco
1.5
59
103
CZS
Mozambique
2.0
35
109
POB
Myanmar
1.1
31
86
CZS
Namibia
1.4
35
89
POB
Nauru
2.2
100
82
CZS
Nepal
2.1
16
224
POB
Netherlands
0.5
80
119
POB
Netherlands Antilles
0.8
70
129
POB
New Caledonia
1.9
64
80
POB
New Zealand
1.1
86
111
POB
Nicaragua
2.0
59
103
POB
Niger
3.4
17
109
POB
Nigeria
2.2
48
93
CZS
Niue
-2.2
37
112
POB
Northern Mariana Islands
2.9
94
76
POB
Norway10
0.5
77
104
POB
Occupied Palestinian Territory
3.2
72
77
POB
Oman
1.0
71
26
CZS
Pakistan
2.0
35
81
POB
Palau
0.7
70
58
POB
Panama
1.8
71
101
POB
Papua New Guinea
2.1
13
72
CZS
Paraguay
2.4
58
92
POB
Peru
1.5
73
108
POB
Philippines
1.8
63
96
CZS
Pitcairn
-0.3
50
IMP
Poland
-0.1
62
150
POB
Portugal
0.5
58
109
POB
Puerto Rico
0.6
98
106
POB
Qatar
5.9
95
35
CZS
Republic of Korea
0.4
81
115
POB
Republic of Moldova
-0.3
47
137
POB
Réunion
1.6
92
96
POB
Romania
-0.4
54
103
POB
Russian Federation
-0.5
73
137
POB
Rwanda
2.4
19
89
POB
Saint Helena11
-0.1
39
106
POB
Saint Kitts and Nevis
1.1
32
99
POB
Saint Lucia
0.8
28
107
POB
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
-0.1
46
93
POB
Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon
0.5
89
107
POB
Samoa
0.8
22
92
POB
San Marino
0.9
97
115
POB
São Tomé and Príncipe
2.3
58
88
CZS
Saudi Arabia
2.7
81
43
CZS
Senegal
2.4
42
67
POB
Serbia12
-0.1
52
132
POB
Seychelles
0.9
53
67
POB
Sierra Leone
4.1
41
74
CZS
Singapore
1.5
100
101
POB
Slovakia
0.0
56
127
POB
Slovenia
0.0
51
84
POB
Solomon Islands
2.6
17
72
POB
Somalia
3.2
35
87
IMP
South Africa
0.8
59
71
POB
Spain
1.1
77
90
POB
Sri Lanka
0.9
15
115
CZS
Sudan
1.9
41
93
POB
Suriname
0.7
74
90
CZS
Swaziland
0.2
24
89
POB
Sweden
0.4
84
109
POB
Switzerland
0.2
75
99
POB
Syrian Arab Republic
2.5
51
96
CZS
Tajikistan
1.1
25
137
POB
Thailand
0.2
69
132
CZS
TFYR of Macedonia13
5.4
32
140
POB
Timor-Leste (Democratic Republic of)
0.9
26
91
IMP
Togo
2.7
40
101
POB
Tokelau
-0.3
123
POB
Tonga
0.4
24
86
POB
Trinidad and Tobago
0.3
12
116
POB
Tunisia
1.1
65
95
CZS
Turkey
1.4
67
111
POB
Turkmenistan
1.4
46
137
POB
Turks and Caicos Islands
6.1
44
90
POB
Tuvalu
0.5
48
128
CZS
Uganda
3.4
13
98
POB
Ukraine
-1.1
68
137
POB
United Arab Emirates
6.5
77
39
CZS
United Kingdom14
0.3
90
119
POB
United Republic of Tanzania
2.0
24
109
POB
United States of America
1.0
81
101
POB
United States Virgin Islands
0.2
94
136
POB
Uruguay
0.7
92
118
POB
Uzbekistan
1.5
37
137
POB
Vanuatu
2.0
23
87
POB
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
1.8
93
100
POB
Viet Nam
1.4
26
86
CZS
Wallis and Futuna Islands
0.7
98
POB
Western Sahara
2.6
92
76
IMP
Yemen
3.1
27
47
CZS
Zambia
1.7
35
102
POB

Sources:

Annual population growth rate
Period estimates for 2000-2005 published in United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2005), World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision. CD-ROM Edition - Comprehensive Dataset (United Nations publications, Sales No. E.05.XIII.11).

Percent urban population
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2006), World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision. CD-ROM Edition – Data in digital form (POP/DB/WUP/Rev. 2005).

Sex ratio of international migrants
Calculated by the United Nations Statistics Division based on data published in United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2006), Trends in Total Migrant Stock: The 2005 Revision. CD-ROM Edition – Data in digital form (POP/DB/MIG/Rev. 2005).

CZS
Indicates that the estimate of the migrant stock was derived from data classified by citizenship, thus, it represents the foreign population.
POB
Indicates that the estimate of the migrant stock was derived from data classified by place of birth, thus, it represents the foreign-born.
IMP
Indicates that there were no data on either the foreign or the foreign-born population for the country or area concerned. Therefore, the estimate is an imputed value.

Footnotes:

...
Not available.
1
Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.
2
Including the islands of Guernsey and Jersey.
3
For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions (SAR) of China.
4
As of 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.
5
As of 20 December 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.
6
Including the island of Mayotte.
7
Including Åland Islands.
8
Including Agalega, Rodrigues and Saint Brandon.
9
Including Serbia.
10
Including Savalbard and Jan Mayen islands.
11
Including Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
12
Including Montenegro.
13
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
14
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Technical notes:

Estimates and projections of the annual population growth rate and of the urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies.

The annual population growth rate refers to the rate at which the population is increasing or decreasing (negative sign) in a given year, expressed as a percentage of the base population. The rate is an average for the five-year period 2000-2005.

The percentage of the total population in urban areas refers to the population as of 1 July of the given year.

The urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics, such as specific services and facilities.

The sex ratio among international migrants refers to the estimated number of female international migrants per 100 male international migrants. The ratio is based on the estimates of the international migrant stock by sex produced by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat using a variety of sources. As far as possible, estimates of the international migrant stock are based on the foreign-born population captured in censuses through questions on place of birth. However, in some countries information on place of birth is not captured in the national census. In such instances, citizenship information, where available, is used for the identification of international migrants. In countries where population statistics are routinely derived from population registers or registers of foreigners, data on the stock of foreign-born persons or on the number of foreigners, are obtained from those registers.

(Source: United Nations Statistics Division)

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