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Population - Growth and Distribution

Annual population growth rate
Percentage urban population
Sex ratio (women/100 men) of international migrants

Table 1c. Population growth and distribution

Last update: December 2012

Country or area

Annual population growth rate

 

Urban population

 

Sex ratio of international migrants

 

2010-2015

 

2012

 

2010

 

 

 

 

%

   

%

   

  women/100 men

Type of data

Afghanistan

3,1

   

23,8

   

77

   

B

Albania

0,3

   

54,5

   

113

   

C

Algeria

1,4

   

73,8

   

82

   

C R

American Samoa

1,6

   

93,5

   

96

   

B

Andorra

1,5

   

86,7

   

90

   

C

Angola

2,7

   

60,0

   

113

   

B R

Anguilla

1,6

   

100,0

   

122

1

 

B

Antigua and Barbuda

1,0

   

29,8

   

128

   

B

Argentina

0,9

   

92,7

   

115

   

B

Armenia

0,3

   

64,1

   

144

   

B R

Aruba

0,3

   

46,9

   

124

   

B

Australia

1,3

2

 

89,4

2

 

106

   

B

Austria

0,2

   

67,9

   

102

   

B

Azerbaijan

1,2

3

 

53,9

3

 

133

   

B R

Bahamas

1,1

   

84,5

   

94

   

B

Bahrain

2,1

   

88,7

   

49

   

C

Bangladesh

1,3

   

28,9

   

16

   

B R

Barbados

0,2

   

44,9

   

155

   

B

Belarus

-0,3

   

75,5

   

118

   

B

Belgium

0,3

   

97,5

   

98

   

C

Belize

2,0

   

44,5

   

109

4

 

B R

Benin

2,7

   

45,6

   

84

   

C B R

Bermuda

0,2

   

100,0

   

107

   

B

Bhutan

1,5

   

36,4

   

23

   

B

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

1,6

   

67,2

   

91

   

B

Bosnia and Herzegovina

-0,2

   

48,8

   

101

   

I R

Botswana

1,1

   

62,3

   

86

   

C

Brazil

0,8

   

84,9

   

86

   

B

British Virgin Islands

0,9

   

40,8

   

95

   

B

Brunei Darussalam

1,7

   

76,4

   

83

   

B

Bulgaria

-0,7

   

73,7

   

138

   

B

Burkina Faso

3,0

   

27,4

   

103

   

B R

Burundi

1,9

   

11,2

   

120

   

B R

Cambodia

1,2

   

20,1

   

107

   

C

Cameroon

2,1

   

52,7

   

84

   

B

Canada

0,9

   

80,8

   

109

   

B

Cape Verde

0,9

   

63,4

   

102

   

B

Cayman Islands

0,8

   

100,0

   

94

   

B

Central African Republic

2,0

   

39,3

   

87

   

C

Chad

2,6

   

21,9

   

92

   

B R

Channel Islands

0,2

5

 

31,3

5

 

113

6

 

B

Chile

0,9

   

89,4

   

115

   

B

China

0,4

7

 

51,9

7

 

100

   

I

China, Hong Kong SAR

1,0

8

 

100,0

8

 

133

   

B

China, Macao SAR

2,0

9

 

100,0

9

 

107

   

B

Colombia

1,3

   

75,6

   

92

   

B

Comoros

2,5

   

28,1

   

114

10

 

B

Congo

2,2

   

64,1

   

98

   

B

Cook Islands

0,5

   

73,8

   

80

   

B

Costa Rica

1,4

   

65,1

   

100

11

 

B R

Côte d'Ivoire

2,2

   

52,0

   

82

   

C B

Croatia

-0,2

   

58,1

   

113

   

B R

Cuba

0,0

   

75,1

   

41

   

B

Cyprus

1,1

12

 

70,7

12

 

133

   

B

Czech Republic

0,3

   

73,4

   

114

   

B

Dem. People's Republic of Korea

0,4

   

60,4

   

113

   

I

Democratic Republic of the Congo

2,6

   

34,8

   

113

   

B R

Denmark

0,3

   

87,1

   

104

   

B

Djibouti

1,9

   

77,1

   

85

   

B R

Dominica

0,0

   

67,2

   

84

   

B

Dominican Republic

1,2

   

70,3

   

69

   

B

Ecuador

1,3

   

68,0

   

94

13

 

B R

Egypt

1,7

   

43,6

   

87

   

B R

El Salvador

0,6

   

65,3

   

111

   

B R

Equatorial Guinea

2,7

   

39,6

   

89

   

C

Eritrea

2,9

   

21,8

   

85

   

I

Estonia

-0,1

   

69,5

   

147

   

B

Ethiopia

2,1

   

17,2

   

89

   

B R

Faeroe Islands

0,5

   

41,3

   

78

   

B

Falkland Islands (Malvinas)

0,3

   

74,6

   

68

   

B

Fiji

0,8

   

52,6

   

91

   

B

Finland

0,3

14

 

83,8

14

 

102

   

B

France

0,5

   

86,4

   

105

   

B

French Guiana

2,5

   

76,6

   

100

   

B

French Polynesia

1,0

   

51,4

   

83

   

B

Gabon

1,9

   

86,5

   

75

   

C

Gambia

2,7

   

57,9

   

102

   

B

Georgia

-0,6

15

 

52,9

15

 

133

   

B

Germany

-0,2

   

74,1

   

88

   

B

Ghana

2,3

   

52,6

   

72

   

B

Gibraltar

0,1

   

100,0

   

106

   

B

Greece

0,2

   

61,7

   

81

   

C

Greenland

0,0

   

85,0

   

49

   

B

Grenada

0,4

   

39,5

   

118

   

B

Guadeloupe

0,4

16

 

98,4

16

 

111

   

B

Guam

1,2

   

93,2

   

77

   

B

Guatemala

2,5

   

50,2

   

119

   

B R

Guinea

2,5

   

35,9

   

113

   

C R

Guinea-Bissau

2,1

   

44,6

   

100

   

B R

Guyana

0,2

   

28,4

   

87

   

B

Haiti

1,3

   

54,8

   

76

   

B

Holy See

0,1

17

 

100,0

17

 

110

   

I

Honduras

2,0

   

52,7

   

94

   

B R

Hungary

-0,2

   

69,9

   

129

   

B R

Iceland

1,2

   

93,8

   

98

   

B

India

1,3

   

31,6

   

95

   

B R

Indonesia

1,0

   

51,5

   

80

   

C R

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

1,0

   

69,2

   

63

   

B R

Iraq

3,1

   

66,4

   

45

   

C R

Ireland

1,1

   

62,5

   

98

   

B

Isle of Man

0,5

   

50,5

   

102

   

B

Israel

1,7

   

91,9

   

127

   

B R

Italy

0,2

   

68,5

   

113

   

B

Jamaica

0,4

   

52,1

   

98

   

B

Japan

-0,1

   

91,9

   

122

   

C

Jordan

1,9

   

83,0

   

97

18

 

C R

Kazakhstan

1,0

   

53,5

   

117

   

B

Kenya

2,7

   

24,4

   

103

   

B R

Kiribati

1,5

   

44,0

   

95

   

B

Kuwait

2,4

   

98,3

   

43

19

 

C R

Kyrgyzstan

1,1

   

35,4

   

139

   

B

Lao People's Democratic Republic

1,3

   

35,4

   

92

   

C R

Latvia

-0,4

   

67,7

   

146

   

B

Lebanon

0,7

   

87,4

   

97

20

 

B R

Lesotho

1,0

   

28,3

   

83

   

C R

Liberia

2,6

   

48,5

   

82

   

B

Libya

0,8

   

77,9

   

55

   

C

Liechtenstein

0,8

   

14,3

   

93

   

C

Lithuania

-0,4

   

67,2

   

130

   

B

Luxembourg

1,4

   

85,7

   

101

   

B

Madagascar

2,8

   

33,2

   

86

   

C

Malawi

3,2

   

15,8

   

107

   

B R

Malaysia

1,6

21

 

73,5

21

 

82

   

B R

Maldives

1,3

   

42,3

   

81

   

I

Mali

3,0

   

35,6

   

91

   

B R

Malta

0,3

   

95,0

   

107

   

C

Marshall Islands

1,6

   

72,2

   

70

   

B

Martinique

0,3

   

89,0

   

119

   

B

Mauritania

2,2

   

41,7

   

73

22

 

C R

Mauritius

0,5

23

 

41,8

23

 

172

   

B

Mayotte

3,0

   

50,1

   

100

10

 

B

Mexico

1,1

   

78,4

   

98

   

B R

Micronesia (Fed. States of)

0,5

   

22,7

   

87

   

B

Monaco

0,0

   

100,0

   

102

   

B

Mongolia

1,5

   

69,5

   

117

   

C

Montenegro

0,1

   

63,5

   

160

   

B

Montserrat

0,9

   

14,4

   

86

   

B

Morocco

1,0

   

57,4

   

99

   

C

Mozambique

2,2

   

31,4

   

109

   

B R

Myanmar

0,8

   

33,2

   

95

   

C

Namibia

1,7

   

39,0

   

91

   

B

Nauru

0,6

   

100,0

   

82

   

C

Nepal

1,7

   

17,3

   

214

   

B R

Netherlands

0,3

   

83,6

   

109

   

B

Netherlands Antilles

0,7

24

 

93,6

24

 

132

   

B

New Caledonia

1,5

   

61,5

   

87

   

B

New Zealand

1,0

   

86,3

   

110

   

B

Nicaragua

1,4

   

57,8

   

93

   

B R

Niger

3,5

   

18,1

   

117

   

B R

Nigeria

2,5

   

50,3

   

90

   

C R

Niue

-2,8

   

38,4

   

85

   

B

Northern Mariana Islands

1,8

   

91,6

   

90

   

B

Norway

0,7

25

 

79,7

25

 

105

   

B

Occupied Palestinian Territory

2,8

26

 

74,6

26

 

97

27

 

B

Oman

1,9

   

73,7

   

26

   

C

Pakistan

1,8

   

36,5

   

81

28

 

B R

Palau

0,8

   

85,1

   

67

   

B

Panama

1,5

   

75,9

   

105

   

B

Papua New Guinea

2,2

   

12,5

   

60

   

C R

Paraguay

1,7

   

62,5

   

93

   

B

Peru

1,1

   

77,6

   

110

   

B

Philippines

1,7

   

49,1

   

105

   

C R

Pitcairn

   

0,0

   

50

   

I

Poland

0,0

   

60,8

   

144

   

B

Portugal

0,0

   

61,6

   

101

   

B

Puerto Rico

0,0

   

99,0

   

111

   

B

Qatar

2,9

   

98,9

   

35

   

C

Republic of Korea

0,4

   

83,5

   

111

   

B

Republic of Moldova

-0,7

29

 

48,4

29

 

127

   

B

Réunion

1,1

   

94,5

   

101

   

B

Romania

-0,2

   

52,8

   

105

   

B

Russian Federation

-0,1

   

74,0

   

137

   

B

Rwanda

2,9

   

19,4

   

117

   

B R

Saint Helena

-0,9

30

 

39,5

30

 

98

   

B

Saint Kitts and Nevis

1,2

   

32,0

   

86

1

 

B

Saint Lucia

1,0

   

16,8

   

105

   

B

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

0,0

   

90,8

   

89

   

B

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

0,0

   

49,7

   

108

   

B

Samoa

0,5

   

19,6

   

81

   

B

San Marino

0,6

   

94,1

   

115

   

B

Sao Tome and Principe

2,0

   

63,4

   

92

   

C

Saudi Arabia

2,1

   

82,5

   

43

   

C R

Senegal

2,6

   

42,8

   

105

   

B R

Serbia

-0,1

31

 

56,7

31

 

131

   

B

Seychelles

0,3

   

54,0

   

74

   

B

Sierra Leone

2,1

   

39,6

   

84

   

B R

Singapore

1,1

   

100,0

   

128

   

B

Slovakia

0,2

   

54,7

   

127

   

B R

Slovenia

0,2

   

49,8

   

87

   

B R

Solomon Islands

2,5

   

20,9

   

78

   

B

Somalia

2,6

   

38,2

   

85

   

I R

South Africa

0,5

   

62,4

   

74

   

B R

South Sudan

   

18,2

   

     

Spain

0,6

32

 

77,6

32

 

92

   

B

Sri Lanka

0,8

   

15,2

   

99

   

C

Sudan

2,4

33

 

33,3

   

93

   

B R

Suriname

0,9

   

70,1

   

83

   

C

Swaziland

1,4

   

21,2

   

91

   

B R

Sweden

0,6

   

85,4

   

109

   

B

Switzerland

0,4

   

73,8

   

99

   

B

Syrian Arab Republic

1,7

   

56,5

   

96

34

 

C R

Tajikistan

1,5

   

26,5

   

133

   

B

TFYR Macedonia

0,1

35

 

59,4

35

 

140

   

B R

Thailand

0,5

   

34,4

   

94

   

B R

Timor-Leste

2,9

   

28,7

   

111

   

B

Togo

2,0

   

38,5

   

101

   

B R

Tokelau

0,3

   

0,0

   

112

   

B

Tonga

0,4

   

23,5

   

95

   

B

Trinidad and Tobago

0,3

   

14,0

   

118

   

B

Tunisia

1,0

   

66,5

   

97

   

C

Turkey

1,1

   

72,5

   

108

   

B R

Turkmenistan

1,2

   

49,0

   

133

   

B

Turks and Caicos Islands

1,2

   

94,2

   

95

   

B

Tuvalu

0,2

   

51,0

   

84

   

C

Uganda

3,1

   

16,0

   

100

   

B R

Ukraine

-0,5

   

69,1

   

133

   

B

United Arab Emirates

2,2

   

84,7

   

38

   

C R

United Kingdom

0,6

   

79,7

   

115

   

B

United Republic of Tanzania

3,1

36

 

27,2

36

 

102

   

B R

United States of America

0,9

   

82,6

   

99

37

 

B

United States Virgin Islands

-0,3

   

95,6

   

114

   

B

Uruguay

0,3

   

92,6

   

117

   

B

Uzbekistan

1,1

   

36,2

   

133

   

B

Vanuatu

2,4

   

25,2

   

88

   

B

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

1,5

   

93,7

   

100

   

B

Viet Nam

1,0

   

31,7

   

58

   

C R

Wallis and Futuna Islands

-0,6

   

0,0

   

98

   

B

Western Sahara

3,2

   

82,2

   

76

   

I

Yemen

3,0

   

32,9

   

62

   

B R

Zambia

3,0

   

39,6

   

98

   

B R

Zimbabwe

2,2

   

39,1

   

61

   

B R

                     

Footnotes

B

The data used to produce the estimates refer to the foreign-born population

C

The data used to produce the estimates refer to foreign citizens

R

The number of refugees, as reported by UNHCR, were added to the estimate of international migrants.

I

Estimates for countries or areas having no data on the number of international migrants were obtained by imputation.

Data not available

1

For the purpose of estimation, estimates for Anguilla and for Saint Kitts and Nevis are derived and reported separately.

2

Including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island.

3

Including Nagorno-Karabakh.

4

The estimate for 1990 equals the number of refugees as reported by UNHCR.

5

Refers to Guernsey, and Jersey.

6

Based on the number of persons born outside the territory of Guernsey and Jersey.

7

For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include Hong Kong and Macao, Special Administrative Regions (SAR) of China.

8

As of 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

9

As of 20 December 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

10

For purposes of estimation, the estimates for Comoros and Mayotte are derived and reported separately.

11

The estimate for Costa Rica in 2010 includes 6,000 persons in a refugee-like situation.

12

Including Northern-Cyprus.

13

The estimate for Ecuador in 2010 includes 250,000 persons in a refugee-like situation.

14

Including Åland Islands.

15

Including Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

16

Including Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin (French part).

17

Refers to the Vatican City State.

18

The estimates for Jordan include Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA.

19

The estimates for Kuwait in 2010 include 38,000 persons in a refugee-like situation.

20

The estimates for Lebanon include Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA.

21

Including Sabah and Sarawak.

22

The estimates for Mauritania in 2010 include 30,000 persons in a refugee-like situation.

23

Including Agalega, Rodrigues, and Saint Brandon.

24

Refers to Curaçao, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.

25

Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

26

Including East Jerusalem.

27

The estimates for the Occupied Palestinian Territory refer to the number of Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA.

28

The estimates for Pakistan in 2010 include 1,148,000 persons in a refugee-like situation.

29

Including Transnistria.

30

Including Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha.

31

Including Kosovo.

32

Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.

33

Including Southern Sudan which voted in favor of independence, but was not an official UN Member State as of May 2011.

34

The estimates for the Syrian Arab Republic include Palestinian refugees registered by UNRWA.

35

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

36

Including Zanzibar.

37

The estimates for the United States include, to the extent possible, all persons born outside its territory. This includes persons born in other US insular areas and American citizens at birth who were born abroad and reside in the United States.

   

Sources:

Annual population growth rate

Period estimates for 2010-2015 published in United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011), World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision available in http://www.un.org/esa/population/unpop.htm.

Percent urban population

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2011), World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision. CD-ROM Edition – Data in digital form (POP/DB/WUP/Rev. 2011).

Sex ratio of international migrants

Calculated by the United Nations Statistics Division based on data published in United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2009), Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2008 Revision. CD-ROM Edition – Data in digital form (POP/DB/MIG/Rev. 2008).

CZS

Indicates that the estimate of the migrant stock was derived from data classified by citizenship, thus, it represents the foreign population.

POB

Indicates that the estimate of the migrant stock was derived from data classified by place of birth, thus, it represents the foreign-born.

IMP

Indicates that there were no data on either the foreign or the foreign-born population for the country or area concerned. Therefore, the estimate is an imputed value.

REF

Estimates of international migrants include refugees, as reported by UNHCR.

 

Technical notes:

 

Estimates and projections of the annual population growth rate and of the urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies.

The annual population growth rate refers to the rate at which the population is increasing or decreasing (negative sign) in a given year, expressed as a percentage of the base population. The rate is an average for the five-year period 2010-2015.

The percentage of the total population in urban areas refers to the population as of 1 July of the given year.The urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics, such as specific services and facilities.

The sex ratio among international migrants refers to the estimated number of female international migrants per 100 male international migrants. The ratio is based on the estimates of the international migrant stock by sex produced by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat using a variety of sources. As far as possible, estimates of the international migrant stock are based on the foreign-born population captured in censuses through questions on place of birth. However, in some countries information on place of birth is not captured in the national census. In such instances, citizenship information, where available, is used for the identification of international migrants. In countries where population statistics are routinely derived from population registers or registers of foreigners, data on the stock of foreign-born persons or on the number of foreigners, are obtained from those registers.

 



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