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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Africa
** Population - Family - Households ** 
 

  1. Number of women for 100 men(1995) 

    • North Africa: 97 women for 100 men

    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 102 women for 100 men

    • World: 98,6 women for 100 men
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       

  2. Percentage of girls and boys of less than 15 years old (1995) 

    • North Africa: 38% of girls - 40% of boys

    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 43% of girls - 45% of boys
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       

  3. Average size of households (1970 & 1990) 

    • North Africa: 5,2 individuals in 1970 - 5,4 individuals in 1990

    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 5,2 individuals in 1970 - 5,1 individuals in 1990
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       

  4. Percentage of households with a woman as the head of the family (1990) 

    • North Africa: 13%

    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 20%
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)


  5. Countries where the average age of women in their first marriage is less than 20 years old
    (1990)

  6. Percentage of married women living in polygamy (1986/1992) 

    • North Africa : Morocco (5%)

    • Sub-Saharan Africa: Burundi (12%); Cameroon (39%); Ghana (33%); Kenya (23%); Liberia (38 %); Madagascar (4%); Mali (45%); Namibia (13%); Niger (36%); Nigeria (41%); Rwanda (14%); Senegal (46%); Sudan (20%); Tanzania (28%); Togo (52%); Uganda (34%); Zambia (18%).
      Sources: Charles F. Westoff, Ann K. Blanc, Laura Nyblade, Macro International Inc., 1994

       

  7. Fertility Rate of 15-19 years old women (1990-95) 

    • North Africa: 60 births for 1000 women

    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 160 births for 1000 women
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)


  8. Percentage of 20-49 years old women who had a child before 20 years old (1986/1992)
     

  9. Number of women for 100 men 

    • ALGERIA: 100

    • ANGOLA: 103

    • BENIN: 102

    • BOTSWANA: 108

    • BURKINA FASO: 102

    • BURUNDI: 104

    • CAMEROON:101

    • CAPE-VERDE: 112

    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: 106

    • CHAD: 103

    • COMOROS: 97

    • CONGO: 104

    • CÔTE D'IVOIRE: 97

    • DJIBOUTI: 99

    • EGYPT: 97

    • EQUATORIAL GUINEA: 103

    • ERITHREA: ..

    • ETHIOPIA: 100

    • GABON: 102

    • GAMBIA: 102

    • GHANA: 101

    • GUINEA: 99

    • GUINEA-BISSAU: 103

    • KENYA: 100

    • LESOTHO: 105

    • LIBERIA: 98

    • LIBYA: 92

    • MADAGASCAR: 102

    • MALAWI: 102

    • MALI: 103

    • MAURICE: 101

    • MAURITANIA: 102

    • MOROCCO: 100

    • MOZAMBIQUE: 102

    • NAMIBIA: 99

    • NIGER: 102

    • NIGERIA: 102

    • REUNION: 104

    • RWANDA: 102

    • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE: 101

    • SENEGAL: 100

    • SEYCHELLES: 100

    • SIERRA LEONE: 103

    • SOMALIA: 102

    • SOUTH AFRICA: 101

    • SUDAN: 99

    • SWAZILAND: 103

    • TANZANIA: 102

    • TOGO: 102

    • TUNISIA: 98

    • UGANDA: 101

    • WESTERN SAHARA: ..

    • ZAÏRE: 102

    • ZAMBIA: 102

    • ZIMBABWE: 101
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       

  10. Global Fertility Rate (1970-75 & 1990-95)

    • ALGERIA: 7,4 (1970-75); 4,9 (1990-95)

    • ANGOLA: 6,6 (1970-75); 7,2 (1990-95)

    • BENIN: 7,1 (1970-75); 7,1 (1990-95)

    • BOTSWANA: 6,9 (1970-75); 5,1 (1990-95)

    • BURKINA FASO: 6,4 (1970-75); 6,5 (1990-95)

    • BURUNDI: 6,8 (1970-75); 6,8 (1990-95)

    • CAMEROON: 6,3 (1970-75); 5,7 (1990-95)

    • CAPE-VERDE: 7,0 (1970-75); 4,3 (1990-95)

    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: 5,7 (1970-75); 6,2 (1990-95)

    • CHAD: 6,0 (1970-75); 5,9 (1990-95)

    • COMOROS: 7,1 (1970-75); 7,1 (1990-95)

    • CONGO: 6,3 (1970-75); 6,3 (1990-95)

    • CÔTE D'IVOIRE: 7,4 (1970-75); 7,4 (1990-95)

    • DJIBOUTI: 6,6 (1970-75); 6,6 (1990-95)

    • EGYPT: 5,5 (1970-75); 4,1 (1990-95)

    • EQUATORIAL GUINEA: 5,7 (1970-75); 5,9 (1990-95)

    • ERITHREA: .. (1970-75); .. (1990-95)

    • ETHIOPIA: 6,8 (1970-75); 7,0 (1990-95)

    • GABON: 4,3 (1970-75); 5,3 (1990-95)

    • GAMBIA: 6,5 (1970-75); 6,1 (1990-95)

    • GHANA: 6,6 (1970-75); 6,0 (1990-95)

    • GUINEA: 7,0 (1970-75); 7,0 (1990-95)

    • GUINEA-BISSAU: 5,4 (1970-75); 5,8 (1990-95)

    • KENYA: 8,1 (1970-75); 6,3 (1990-95)

    • LESOTHO: 5,7 (1970-75); 4,7 (1990-95)

    • LIBERIA: 6,8 (1970-75); 6,8 (1990-95)

    • LIBYA: 7,6 (1970-75); 6,4 (1990-95)

    • MADAGASCAR: 6,6 (1970-75); 6,6 (1990-95)

    • MALAWI: 7,4 (1970-75); 7,6 (1990-95)

    • MALI: 7,1 (1970-75); 7,1 (1990-95)

    • MAURICE: 3,3 (1970-75); 2,0 (1990-95)

    • MAURITANIA: 6,5 (1970-75); 6,5 (1990-95)

    • MOROCCO: 6,9 (1970-75); 4,4 (1990-95)

    • MOZAMBIQUE: 6,5 (1970-75); 6,5 (1990-95)

    • NAMIBIA: 6,0 (1970-75); 6,0 (1990-95)

    • NIGER: 7,1 (1970-75); 7,1 (1990-95)

    • NIGERIA: 6,9 (1970-75); 6,4 (1990-95)

    • REUNION: 6,8 (1970-75); 6,8 (1990-95)

    • RWANDA: 8,3 (1970-75); 8,5 (1990-95)

    • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE: .. (1970-75); 6,4 (1990-95)

    • SENEGAL: 7,0 (1970-75); 6,1 (1990-95)

    • SEYCHELLES: 5,2 (1970-75); 2,7 (1990-95)

    • SIERRA LEONE: 6,5 (1970-75); 6,5 (1990-95)

    • SOMALIA: 7,0 (1970-75); 7,0 (1990-95)

    • SOUTH AFRICA: 5,5 (1970-75); 4,1 (1990-95)

    • SUDAN: 6,7 (1970-75); 6,0 (1990-95)

    • SWAZILAND: 6,5 (1970-75); 4,9 (1990-95)

    • TANZANIA: 6,8 (1970-75); 6,8 (1990-95)

    • TOGO: 6,6 (1970-75); 6,6 (1990-95)

    • TUNISIA: 6,2 (1970-75); 3,4 (1990-95)

    • UGANDA: 6,9 (1970-75); 7,3 (1990-95)

    • WESTERN SAHARA: .. (1970-75); .. (1990-95)

    • ZAÏRE: 6,3 (1970-75); 6,7 (1990-95)

    • ZAMBIA: 6,9 (1970-75); 6,3 (1990-95)

    • ZIMBABWE: 7,2 (1970-75); 5,3 (1990-95)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       

  11. Births for 1000 women of 15-19 years old (1990-95) 

    • ALGERIA: 37

    • ANGOLA: 236

    • BENIN: 152

    • BOTSWANA: 127

    • BURKINA FASO: 165

    • BURUNDI: 60

    • CAMEROON: 141

    • CAPE-VERDE: 22

    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: 183

    • CHAD: 192

    • COMOROS: 166

    • CONGO: 146

    • CÔTE D'IVOIRE: 228

    • DJIBOUTI: 205

    • EGYPT: 78

    • EQUATORIAL GUINEA: 192

    • ERITHREA: ..

    • ETHIOPIA: 169

    • GABON: 163

    • GAMBIA: 204

    • GHANA: 127

    • GUINEA: 241

    • GUINEA-BISSAU: 189

    • KENYA: 142

    • LESOTHO: 80

    • LIBERIA: 230

    • LIBYA: 110

    • MADAGASCAR: 125

    • MALAWI: 249

    • MALI: 199

    • MAURICE: 39

    • MAURITANIA: 160

    • MOROCCO: 46

    • MOZAMBIQUE: 131

    • NAMIBIA: 163

    • NIGER: 239

    • NIGERIA: 176

    • REUNION: 67

    • RWANDA:

    • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE: ..

    • SENEGAL: 155

    • SEYCHELLES: ..

    • SIERRA LEONE: 212

    • SOMALIA: 208

    • SOUTH AFRICA: 72

    • SUDAN: 106

    • SWAZILAND: 121

    • TANZANIA: 147

    • TOGO: 126

    • TUNISIA: 23

    • UGANDA: 188

    • WESTERN SAHARA: ..

    • ZAÏRE: 231

    • ZAMBIA: 137

    • ZIMBABWE: 95
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       

  12. Abortion Authorized ? (1994) 

    • ALGERIA: No

    • ANGOLA: No

    • BENIN: No

    • BOTSWANA: No

    • BURKINA FASO: No

    • BURUNDI: No

    • CAMEROON: No

    • CAPE-VERDE: Yes

    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: No

    • CHAD: No

    • COMOROS: No

    • CONGO: No

    • CÔTE D'IVOIRE: No

    • DJIBOUTI: No

    • EGYPT: No

    • EQUATORIAL GUINEA: No

    • ERITHREA: No

    • ETHIOPIA: No

    • GABON: No

    • GAMBIA: No

    • GHANA: No

    • GUINEA: No

    • GUINEA-BISSAU: No

    • KENYA: No

    • LESOTHO: No

    • LIBERIA: No

    • LIBYA: No

    • MADAGASCAR: No

    • MALAWI: No

    • MALI: No

    • MAURICE: No

    • MAURITANIA: No

    • MOROCCO: No

    • MOZAMBIQUE: No

    • NAMIBIA: No

    • NIGER: No

    • NIGERIA: No

    • REUNION: No

    • RWANDA: No

    • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE: No

    • SENEGAL: No

    • SEYCHELLES: No

    • SIERRA LEONE: No

    • SOMALIA: No

    • SOUTH AFRICA: No

    • SUDAN: No

    • SWAZILAND: No

    • TANZANIA: No

    • TOGO: No

    • TUNISIA: Yes

    • UGANDA: No

    • WESTERN SAHARA: ..

    • ZAÏRE: No

    • ZAMBIA: Yes

    • Zimbabwe: No
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

The statistics used here are from the United Nations, The World' Women 1995 - Trends and Statistics (United Nations publications, Sales No. E.95XII.2
(In French, F.95. XII.2) and are quoted with permission.

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