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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Africa
** Labour ** 

  1. Percentage of women in the active population (1970 & 1990) 
    • North Africa: 8 % (1970) ; 21 % (1990)
    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 39 % (1970) ; 38 % (1990)
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)
  2. Percentage of female and male active population by sector of activity (1994) 
    • North Africa:
      Agriculture : Women: 25 % ; Men: 27 %
      Industry: Women: 29 % ; Men: 33 %
      Services: Women: 46 % ; Men: 40 %
    • Sub-Saharan Africa:
      Agriculture : Women: 75 % ; Men: 61 %
      Industry: Women: 5 % ; Men: 15 %
      Services: Women: 20 % ; Men: 23 %
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)
  3. Rate of boys and girls' participation in active population, 10-14 years old (1990) 
    • North Africa: 4 % (girls) ; 7 % (boys)
    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 21 % (girls) ; 33 % (boys)
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)
  4. Women's share in the main professional groups (1990) 
    • North Africa:
      Liberal and technical professions: 29 %
      Management and administrative personnel: 9 %
      Office clerks and related functions: 22 %
      Sales people: 10 %
      Production & tranportation, unskilled workers, operators: 10 %
    • Sub-Saharan Africa:
      Liberal and technical professions: 36 %
      Management and administrative personnel: 15 %
      Office clerks and related functions: 37 %
      Sales people: 52 %
      Production & tranportation, unskilled workers, operators: 20 %
      Sources: Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (United Nations)
  5. Percentage of women (15 years old and more) in the total active population (1994)
    • ALGERIA: 10 %
    • ANGOLA: 38 %
    • BENIN: 47 %
    • BOTSWANA: 35 %
    • BURKINA FASO: 45 %
    • BURUNDI: 47 %
    • CAMEROON: 32 %
    • CAPE-VERDE: 32 %
    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: 45 %
    • CHAD: 21 %
    • COMOROS: 38 %
    • CONGO: 40 %
    • CÔTE D'IVOIRE: 34 %
    • DJIBOUTI: 40 %
    • EGYPT: 23 %
    • EQUATORIAL GUINEA: 40 %
    • ERITREA: 38 %
    • ETHIOPIA: 36 %
    • GABON: 37 %
    • GAMBIA: 39 %
    • GHANA: 39 %
    • GUINEA: 38 %
    • GUINEA-BISSAU: 39 %
    • KENYA: 39 %
    • LESOTHO: 43 %
    • LIBERIA: 29 %
    • LIBYA: 10 %
    • MADAGASCAR: 38 %
    • MALAWI: 40 %
    • MALI: 15 %
    • MAURICE: 26 %
    • MAURITANIA: 23 %
    • MOROCCO: 21 %
    • MOZAMBIQUE: 47 %
    • NAMIBIA: 24 %
    • NIGER: 47 %
    • NIGERIA: 35 %
    • REUNION: 34 %
    • RWANDA: 46 %
    • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE: ..
    • SENEGAL: 38 %
    • SEYCHELLES: 42 %
    • SIERRA LEONE: 32 %
    • SOMALIA: 38 %
    • SOUTH AFRICA: 36 %
    • SUDAN: 23 %
    • SWAZILAND: 41 %
    • TANZANIA: 47 %
    • TOGO: 35 %
    • TUNISIA: 24 %
    • UGANDA: 40 %
    • WESTERN SAHARA: ..
    • ZAÏRE: 35 %
    • ZAMBIA: 30 %
    • ZIMBABWE: 33 %
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)
  6. Distribution of the active population (1994) 
    • ALGERIE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 10 % ; Men: 16 %
      Industry: Women: 21 % ; Men: 34 %
      Services: Women: 69 % ; Men: 51 %
    • ANGOLA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 87 % ; Men: 58 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 17 %
      Services: Women: 11 % ; Men: 25 %
    • BENIN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 64 % ; Men: 54 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 12 %
      Services: Women: 31 % ; Men: 34 %
    • BOTSWANA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 78 % ; Men: 41 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 31 %
      Services: Women: 19 % ; Men: 27 %
    • BURKINA FASO:
      Agrigulture: Women: 85 % ; Men: 85 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 6 %
      Services: Women: 11 % ; Men: 9 %
    • BURUNDI:
      Agrigulture: Women: 98 % ; Men: 87 %
      Industry: Women: 1 % ; Men: 4 %
      Services: Women: 1 % ; Men: 9 %
    • CAMEROON:
      Agrigulture: Women: 64 % ; Men: 51 %
      Industrie: Women: 4 % ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 32 % ; Men: 33 %
    • CAPE-VERDE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 14 % ; Men: 50 %
      Industry: Women: 31 % ; Men: 30 %
      Services: Women: 54 % ; Men: 21 %
    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC:
      Agrigulture: Women: 63 % ; Men: 60 %
      Industry: Women: 5 % ; Men: 12 %
      Services: Women: 31 % ; Men: 28 %
    • CHAD:
      Agrigulture: Women: 80 % ; Men: 75 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 7 %
      Services: Women: 19 % ; Men: 18 %
    • COMOROS:
      Agrigulture: Women: 84 % ; Men: 76 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 10 %
      Services: Women: 13 % ; Men: 15 %
    • CONGO:
      Agrigulture: Women: 83 % ; Men: 45 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 19 %
      Services: Women: 15 % ; Men: 36 %
    • CÔTE D'IVOIRE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 62 % ; Men: 50 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 13 %
      Services: Women: 30 % ; Men: 38 %
    • DJIBOUTI:
      Agrigulture: Women: 80 % ; Men: 71 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 11 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 18 %
    • EGYPT:
      Agrigulture: Women: 8 % ; Men: 42 %
      Industry: Women: 20 % ; Men: 25 %
      Services: Women: 71 % ; Men: 33 %
    • EQUATORIAL GUINEA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 82 % ; Men: 38 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 22 %
      Services: Women: 15 % ; Men: 39 %
    • ERITREA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 80 % ; Men: 71 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 11 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 18 %
    • ETHIOPIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 80 % ; Men: 71 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 11 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 18 %
    • GABON:
      Agrigulture: Women: 84 % ; Men: 63 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 18 %
      Services: Women: 13 % ; Men: 19 %
    • GAMBIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 91 % ; Men: 74 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 12 %
      Services: Women: 6 % ; Men: 14 %
    • GHANA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 50 %; Men: 55 %
      Industry: Women: 17 % ; Men: 20 %
      Services: Women: 33 % ; Men: 24 %
    • GUINEA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 84 % ; Men: 70 %
      Industry: Women: 6 % ; Men: 14 %
      Services: Women: 9 % ; Men: 16 %
    • GUINEA-BISSAU:
      Agrigulture: Women: 91 ; Men: 72
      Industry: Women: 2 ; Men: 6
      Services: Women: 6 ; Men: 7
    • KENYA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 82 % ; Men: 73 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 11 %
      Services: Women: 14 % ; Men: 15 %
    • LESOTHO:
      Agrigulture: Women: 86 % ; Men: 79 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 7 %
      Services: Women: 11 % ; Men: 13 %
    • LIBERIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 82 % ; Men: 65 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 13 %
      Services: Women: 16 % ; Men: 22 %
    • LIBYA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 32 % ; : 16 %
      Industry: Women: 15 % ; Men: 30 %
      Services: Women: 54 % ; Men: 53 %
    • MADAGASCAR:
      Agrigulture: Women: 92 % ; Men: 68 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 11 %
      Services: Women: 6 % ; Men: 21 %
    • MALAWI:
      Agrigulture: Women: 92 % ; Men: 63 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 17 %
      Services: Women: 5 % ; Men: 19 %
    • MALI:
      Agrigulture: Women: 75 % ; Men: 83 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 2 %
      Services: Women: 21 % ; Men: 15 %
    • MAURICE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 24 % ; Men: 21 %
      Industry: Women: 16 % ; Men: 26 %
      Services: Women: 60 % ; Men: 53 %
    • MAURITANIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 82 % ; Men: 46 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 14 % ; Men: 38 %
    • MOROCCO:
      Agrigulture: Agrigulture: Women: 27 % ; Men: 35 %
      Industry: Agrigulture: Women: 27 % ; Men: 35 %
      Services: Women: 28 % ; Men: 34 %
    • MOZAMBIQUE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 97 % ; Men: 68 %
      Industry: Women: 1 % ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 2 % ; Men: 15 %
    • NAMIBIE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 47 % ; Men: 32 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 32 %
      Services: Women: 50 % ; Men: 36 %
    • NIGER:
      Agrigulture: Women: 92 % ; Men: 84 %
      Industry: Women: 0 % ; Men: 4 %
      Services: Women: 8 % ; Men: 12 %
    • NIGERIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 67 % ; Men: 64 %
      Industry: Women: 7 % ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 26 % ; Men: 20 %
    • REUNION:
      Agrigulture: Women: 2 % ; Men: 16 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 26 %
      Services: Women: 94 % ; Men: 58 %
    • RWANDA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 98 % ; Men: 86 %
      Industry: Women: 1 % ; Men: 6 %
      Services: Women: 2 % ; Men: 8 %
    • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE:
      Agrigulture: Women: .. ; Men: ..
      Industry: Women: .. ; Men: ..
      Services: Women: .. ; Men: ..
    • SENEGAL:
      Agrigulture: Women: 87 % ; Men: 72 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 10 %
      Services: Women: 10 % ; Men: 18 %
    • SEYCHELLES:
      Agrigulture: Women: .. ; Men: ..
      Industry: Women: .. ; Men: ..
      Services: Women: .. ; Men: ..
    • SIERRA LEONE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 78 % ; Men: 56 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 22 %
      Services: Women: 17 % ; Men: 23 %
    • SOMALIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 87 % ; Men: 61 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 15 %
      Services: Women: 11 % ; Men: 24 %
    • SOUTH AFRICA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 13 % ; Men: 11 %
      Industry: Women: 17 % ; Men: 48 %
      Services: Women: 70 % ; Men: 40 %
    • SUDAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 84 % ; Men: 60 %
      Industry: Women: 5 % ; Men: 10 %
      Services: Women: 11 % ; Men: 29 %
    • SWAZILAND:
      Agrigulture: Women: 78 % ; Men: 60 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 18 % ; Men: 24 %
    • TANZANIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 89 % ; Men: 73 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 10 %
      Services: Women: 9 % ; Men: 17 %
    • TOGO:
      Agrigulture: Women: 64 % ; Men: 72 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 13 %
      Services: Women: 28 % ; Men: 15 %
    • TUNISIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 47 % ; Men: 25 %
      Industry: Women: 44 % ; Men: 46 %
      Services: Women: 10 % ; Men: 28 %
    • UGANDA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 85 % ; Men: 80 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 8 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 12 %
    • WESTERN SAHARA:
      Agrigulture: Women: .. ; Men: ..
      Industry: Women: .. ; Men: ..
      Services: Women: .. ; Men: ..
    • ZAÏRE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 92 % ; Men: 49 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 22 %
      Services: Women: 6 % ; Men: 29 %
    • ZAMBIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 82 % ; Men: 65 %
      Industry: Women: 3 % ; Men: 14 %
      Services: Women: 15 % ; Men: 21 %
    • ZIMBABWE:
      Agrigulture: Women: 80 % ; Men: 62 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 17 %
      Services: Women: 16 % ; Men: 21 %
      Sources: International Labour Organization (United Nations)

(Source: United Nations Statistics Division)
 

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