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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Asia & Pacific
** Labour ** 

  1. Percentage of women in the active population (1970 & 1990) 

    • East Asia : 40 % (1970) ; 41% (1990)

    • South-East Asia: 35% (1970) ; 40% (1990)

    • South Asia: 20 % (1970) ; 35 % (1990)

    • Central Asia: 45 % (1970) ; 44 % (1990)

    • Western asia: 18 % (1970) ; 25 % (1990)
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

  2. Percentage of female and male active population by sector of activity (1994) 

    • East Asia:
      Agriculture : Women: 35 % ; Men: 29 %
      Industry: Women: 29 % ; Men: 34 %
      Services: Women: 36 % ; Men: 37 %

    • South-East Asia:
      Agriculture : Women: 42 % ; : 47 %
      Industry: Women: 16 % ; Men: 19 %
      Services: Women: 42 % ; Men: 34 %

    • South Asia:
      Agriculture : Women: 55 % ; Men: 59 %
      Industry: Women: 25 % ; Men: 14 %
      Services: Women: 20 % ; Men: 27 %

    • Central Asia:
      Agriculture : Women: 33 % ; : 34 %
      Industry: Women: 20 % ; Men: 31 %
      Services: Women: 47 % ; Men: 35 %

    • Western Asia:
      Agriculture : Women: 23 % ; : 19 %
      Industry: Women: 15 % ; Men: 33 %
      Services: Women: 61 % ; Men: 48 %
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

  3. Rate of boys and girls' participation in active population, 10-14 years old (1990) 

    • East Asia : 19 % (girls) ; 20 % (boys)

    • South-East Asia: 10 % (girls) ; 12 % (boys)

    • South Asia: 11 % (girls) ; 16 % (boys)

    • Western asia: 5 % (girls) ; 7 % (boys)
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

  4. Women' share in the main professional groups (1990) 

    • East Asia:
      Liberal and technical professions: 43 %
      Management and administrative personnel: 11 %
      Office clerks and related functions: 48 %
      Sales people: 42 %
      Production & tranportation, unskilled workers, operators: 30 %

    • South-East Asia:
      Liberal and technical professions: 48 %
      Management and administrative personnel: 17 %
      Office clerks and related functions: 48 %
      Sales people: 53 %
      Production & tranportation, unskilled workers, operators: 21 %

    • South Asia:
      Liberal and technical professions: 32 %
      Management and administrative personnel: 6 %
      Office clerks and related functions: 20 %
      Sales people: 8 %
      Production & tranportation, unskilled workers, operators: 16 %

    • Western Asia:
      Liberal and technical professions: 37 %
      Management and administrative personnel: 7 %
      Office clerks and related functions: 29 %
      Sales people: 12 %
      Production & tranportation, unskilled workers, operators: 7 %
      Sources: Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (United Nations)

  5. Percentage of women (15 years old and more) in the total active population (1994) 

    • AFGHANISTAN: 9 %

    • ARMENIA: 48 %

    • AZERBAIDJAN: 43 %

    • BAHRAIN: 12 %

    • BANGLADESH: 41 %

    • BHUTAN: 32%

    • BRUNAI: 33%

    • CAMBODIA: 41%

    • CHINA: 43%

    • CYPRUS: 36%

    • EASTERN TIMOR: 15 %

    • GEORGIA: 45%

    • HONG-KONG: 37 %

    • INDIA: 24 %

    • INDONESIA: 31%

    • IRAN: 19%

    • IRAQ: 22%

    • ISRAEL: 34%

    • JORDAN: 11%

    • KAZAKHSTAN: 43%

    • KOREA (NORTH): 46%

    • KOREA (SOUTH): 34%

    • KUWAIT: 23%

    • KYRGYZ REP.: %

    • LAOS: 45%

    • LEBANON: 27%

    • MACAO: 42%

    • MALAYSIA: 36%

    • MALDIVES: 22%

    • MONGOLIA: 45%

    • MYANMAR: 36%

    • NEPAL: 32%

    • OMAN: 9%

    • PAKISTAN: 13%

    • PHILIPPINES: 31%

    • QATAR: 7%

    • SAUDI ARABIA: 7%

    • SYRIA: 18%

    • SINGAPORE: 36%

    • SRI LANKA: 27%

    • TAJIKISTAN: 43%

    • THAILAND: 44%

    • TURKEY: 34%

    • TURKMENISTAN: 44%

    • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: 9 %

    • UZBEKISTAN: 45%

    • VIETNAM: 47%

    • YEMEN: 12%
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

  6. Distribution of the active population (1994)  

    • AFGHANISTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 3 % ; Men: 60 %
      Industry: Women: 85 % ; Men: 10 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 30 %

    • ARMENIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 10 % ; Men: 23 %
      Industry: Women: 39 % ; Men: 47 %
      Services: Women: 50 % ; Men: 30 %

    • AZERBAIDJAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 36 % ; Men: 27 %
      Industry: Women: 21 % ; Men: 35 %
      Services: Women: 43 % ; Men: 38 %

    • BAHRAIN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 0 % ; Men: 3 %
      Industry: Women: 4 % ; Men: 39 %
      Services: Women: 96 % ; Men: 58 %

    • BANGLADESH:
      Agrigulture: Women: 65 % ; Men: 68 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 7 %
      Services: Women: 27 % ; Men: 25 %

    • BHUTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 95 % ; Men: 89 %
      Industry: Women: 1 % ; Men: 5 %
      Services: Women: 4 % ; Men: 5 %

    • BRUNAI:
      Agrigulture: Women: 1 % ; Men: 1 %
      Industry: Women: 9 % ; Men: 32 %
      Services: Women: 90 % ; Men: 67 %

    • CAMBODIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 75 % ; Men: 67 %
      Industry: Women: 11 % ; Men: 8 %
      Services: Women: 14 % ; Men: 25 %

    • CHINA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 74 % ; Men: 67 %
      Industry: Women: 17 % ; Men: 19 %
      Services: Women: 10 % ; Men: 14 %

    • CYPRUS:
      Agrigulture: Women: 20 % ; Men: 9 %
      Industry: Women: 38 % ; Men: 40 %
      Services: Women: 42 % ; Men: 51 %

    • EASTERN TIMOR:
      Agrigulture: Women: 45 % ; Men: 76 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 9 %
      Services: Women: 53 % ; Men: 15 %

    • GEORGIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 24 % ; Men: 27 %
      Industry: Women: 24 % ; Men: 38 %
      Services: Women: 52 % ; Men: 35 %

    • HONG-KONG:
      Agrigulture: Women: 2 % ; Men: 2 %
      Industry: Women: 56 % ; Men: 48 %
      Services: Women: 42 % ; Men: 50 %

    • INDIA:
      Agrigulture: Women:78 % ; Men: 64 %
      Industry: Women: 10 % ; Men: 15 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 20 %

    • INDONESIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 44 % ; Men: 50 %
      Industry: Women: 16% ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 40 % ; Men: 35 %

    • IRAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 69 % ; Men: 22 %
      Industry: Women: 15 % ; Men: 40 %
      Services: Women: 16 % ; Men: 38 %

    • IRAQ:
      Agrigulture: Women: 68 % ; Men: 18 %
      Industry: Women: 9 % ; Men: 26 %
      Services: Women: 23 % ; Men: 56 %

    • ISRAEL:
      Agrigulture: Women: 4 % ; Men: 4 %
      Industry: Women: 17 % ; Men: 37 %
      Services: Women: 79 % ; Men: 59 %

    • JORDAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 1 % ; Men: 11 %
      Industry: Women: 7 % ; Men: 27 %
      Services: Women: 92 % ; Men: 62 %

    • KAZAKHSTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 15 % ; Men: 28 %
      Industry: Women: 25 % ; Men: 37 %
      Services: Women: 60 % ; Men: 34 %

    • KOREA (NORTH):
      Agrigulture: Women: 41 % ; Men: 25 %
      Industry: Women: 23 % ; Men: 45 %
      Services: Women: 35 % ; Men: 30 %

    • KOREA (SOUTH):
      Agrigulture: Women: 31 % ; Men: 18 %
      Industry: Women: 28 % ; Men: 38 %
      Services: Women: 41 % ; Men: 44 %

    • KUWAIT:
      Agrigulture: Women: 0 % ; Men: 2 %
      Industry: Women: 2 % ; Men: 36 %
      Services: Women: 97 % ; Men: 62 %

    • KYRGYZ REP.:

      Agrigulture: Women: 28 % ; Men: 35 %
      Industry: Women: 23 % ; Men: 31 %
      Services: Women: 49 % ; Men: 34 %

    • LAOS:
      Agrigulture: Women: 76 % ; Men: 70 %
      Industry: Women: 8 % ; Men: 10 %
      Services: Women: 16 % ; Men: 21 %

    • LEBANON:
      Agrigulture: Women: 16 % ; Men: 6 %
      Industry: Women: 22 % ; Men: 32 %
      Services: Women: 62 % ; Men: 62 %

    • MACAO:
      Agrigulture: Women: ... % ; Men: ... %
      Industry: Women: ... % ; Men: ... %
      Services: Women: ... % ; Men: ... %

    • MALAYSIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 31 % ; Men: 26 %
      Industry: Women: 26 % ; Men: 24 %
      Services: Women: 43 % ; Men: 50 %

    • MALDIVES:
      Agrigulture: Women: 25 % ; Men: 29 %
      Industry: Women: 63 % ; Men: 24 %
      Services: Women: 12 % ; Men: 46 %

    • MONGOLIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 28 % ; Men: 35 %
      Industry: Women: 21 % ; Men: 21 %
      Services: Women: 51 % ; Men: 44 %

    • MYANMAR:
      Agrigulture: Women: 35 % ; Men: 58 %
      Industry: Women: 25 % ; Men: 17 %
      Services: Women: 39 % ; Men: 26 %

    • NEPAL:
      Agrigulture: Women: 97 % ; Men: 91 %
      Industry: Women: 1 % ; Men: 2 %
      Services: Women: 2 % ; Men: 7 %

    • OMAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 12 % ; Men: 45 %
      Industry: Women: 39 % ; Men: 25 %
      Services: Women: 49 % ; Men: 30 %

    • PAKISTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 15 % ; Men: 54 %
      Industry: Women: 23 % ; Men: 11 %
      Services: Women: 62 % ; Men: 35 %

    • PHILIPPINES:
      Agrigulture: Women: 34 % ; Men: 56 %
      Industry: Women: 13 % ; Men: 16 %
      Services: Women: 53 % ; Men: 29 %

    • QATAR:
      Agrigulture: Women: 0 % ; Men: 3 %
      Industry: Women: 0 % ; Men: 30 %
      Services: Women: 100 % ; Men: 67 %

    • SAUDI ARABIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 16 % ; Men: 34 %
      Industry: Women: 6 % ; Men: 20 %
      Services: Women: 79 % ; Men: 46 %

    • SYRIA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 60 % ; Men: 18 %
      Industry: Women: 14 % ; Men: 39 %
      Services: Women: 26 % ; Men: 43 %

    • SINGAPORE:
      Agrigulture: Women: % ; Men: %
      Industry: Women: % ; Men: %
      Services: Women: % ; Men: %

    • SRI LANKA:
      Agrigulture: Women: 1 % ; Men: 2 %
      Industry: Women: 42 % ; Men: 35 %
      Services: Women: 57 % ; Men: 63 %

    • TAJIKISTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 45 % ; Men: 37 %
      Industry: Women: 18 % ; Men: 28 %
      Services: Women: 37 % ; Men: 35 %

    • THAILAND:
      Agrigulture: Women: 64 % ; Men: 59 %
      Industry: Women: 11 % ; Men: 18 %
      Services: Women: 25 % ; Men: 23 %

    • TURKEY:
      Agrigulture: Women: 84 % ; Men: 27 %
      Industry: Women: 6 % ; Men: 30 %
      Services: Women: 10 % ; Men: 43 %

    • TURKMENISTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 41 % ; Men: 34 %
      Industry: Women: 15 % ; Men: 30 %
      Services: Women: 44 % ; Men: 36 %

    • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES:
      Agrigulture: Women: 0 % ; Men: 4 %
      Industry: Women: 7 % ; Men: 40 %
      Services: Women: 93 % ; Men: 56 %

    • UZBEKISTAN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 35 % ; Men: 34 %
      Industry: Women: 20 % ; Men: 31 %
      Services: Women: 45 % ; Men: 35 %

    • VIETNAM:
      Agrigulture: Women: 57 % ; Men: 59 %
      Industry: Women: 15 % ; Men: 20 %
      Services: Women: 28 % ; Men: 22 %

    • YEMEN:
      Agrigulture: Women: 45 % ; Men: 58 %
      Industry: Women: 6 % ; Men: 14 %
      Services: Women: 49 % ; Men: 28 %
      Sources: International Labour Organization (United Nations)

The statistics used here are from the United Nations, The World' Women 1995 - Trends and Statistics (United Nations publications, Sales No. E.95XII.2
(In French, F.95. XII.2) and are quoted with permission. Further information on United Nations gender statistics may be found at the
United Nations Statistics Division's Internet home page http://www.un.org/Depts/unsd

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