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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Asia & Pacific
** Power ** 

  1. Women elected Heads of State in the 20th century (December 31, 1994) 
    • Asia: 2 (Sri Lanka, Philippines)
    • World: 9
      Sources: United Nations
  2. Women elected Heads of governments in the 20th century (December 1994)  
    • Asia: 6 (Bangladesh, India, Israel, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey)
      Khaleda Zia Rahman (Bangladesh) - 1991-..
      Indira Gandhi (India) - 1966-1977
      Golda Meir (Israel) - 1969-1974
      Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan)- 1988-1990; 1993-..
      Siramovo Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka) - 1970-1977; 1994-..
      Tansu Ciller (Turkey) - 1993-..
    • World : 15
      Sources: United Nations
  3. Countries where more than 15 % of the ministers or members of the government are women (1994)  
    • Asia: 1 (Bhutan)
      No. of Ministers : 22 ; Percentage of women: 0 %
      Sources: United Nations
  4. Countries where there are no women among the ministers or the members of the government (1994) 
    • East Asia: Mongolia
    • South-East Asia: Brunai, Myanmar
    • South Asia: Afghanistan, Nepal
    • Western Asia: Saudi Arabia, Barhain, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Yemen
      Sources: United Nations
  5. Percentage of women holding a management position in the public administration, by sector (1994) 
    • East Asia:
      Directors General: 0,6 %
      Economy: 1,5 %
      Law and Justice: 0,0 %
      Social Affairs: 3,9 %
      Politics: 0,0 %
    • South-East Asia:
      Directors General: 1,9 %
      Economy: 2,2 %
      Law and Justice: 0,0 %
      Social Affairs: 4,9 %
      Politics: 0,5 %
    • Central Asia:
      Directors General: 0,0 %
      Economy: 3,9 %
      Law and Justice: 0,0 %
      Social Affairs: 9,0 %
      Politics: 0,0 %
    • South Asia:
      Directors General: 5,7 %
      Economy: 4,9 %
      Law and Justice: 6,2 %
      Social Affairs: 4,8 %
      Politics: 1,0 %
    • Western Asia:
      Directors General: 0,7 %
      Economy: 1,8 %
      Law and Justice: 1,5 %
      Social Affairs: 3,9 %
      Politics: 0,0 %
      Sources: Worldwide Government Directory, 1994
  6. Average percentage of women in parliamentary assemblies (1987 & 1994) 
    • East Asia: 17 % (1987) ; 11 % (1994)
    • South-East Asia: 8 % (1987) ; 8 % (1994)
    • Central Asia: ...% (1987) ; 7,5 % (1994)
    • South Asia: 6 % (1987) ; 4 % (1994)
    • Western Asia: 7,5 % (1987) ; 4 % (1994)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)
  7. General women's representation among directors and senior managers (1980 & 1990) 
    • East Asia: 7 % (1980) ; 11 % (1990)
    • South-East Asia: 13 % (1980) ; 17 % (1990)
    • South Asia: 8 % (1980) ; 6 % (1990)
    • Western Asia: 4,5 % (1980) ; 7 % (1990)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)
  8. Countries where more than 25 % of directors and senior managers are women 
    • Asia: 1 (Philippines)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)
  9. Percentage of seats occupied by women within legislative bodies (1994) 
    • AFGHANISTAN: ... %
    • ARMENIA: 3 %
    • AZERBAIDJAN: 2 %
    • BAHRAIN: ...%
    • BANGLADESH: 10 %
    • BHUTAN: 0 %
    • BRUNAI: ...%
    • CAMBODIA: 4 %
    • CHINA: 21 %
    • CYPRUS: 5 %
    • EASTERN TIMOR: ... %
    • GEORGIA: 6 %
    • HONG-KONG: ... %
    • INDIA: 7 %
    • INDONESIA: 12 %
    • IRAN: 4 %
    • IRAQ: 11 %
    • ISRAEL: 9 %
    • JORDAN: 1 %
    • KAZAKHSTAN: 11 %
    • KOREA (NORTH): 20 %
    • KOREA (SOUTH): 1 %
    • KUWAIT: 2 %
    • KYRGYZ REP.: 6 %
    • LAOS: 9 %
    • LEBANON: 2 %
    • MACAO: ...%
    • MALAYSIA: 6 %
    • MALDIVES: 4 %
    • MONGOLIA: 4 %
    • MYANMAR: ...%
    • NEPAL: 3 %
    • OMAN: ...%
    • PAKISTAN: 2 %
    • PHILIPPINES: 11 %
    • QATAR: ...%
    • SAUDI ARABIA: ...%
    • SYRIA: 8 %
    • SINGAPORE: 4 %
    • SRI LANKA: 5 %
    • TAJIKISTAN: 3 %
    • THAILAND: 4 %
    • TURKEY: 2 %
    • TURKMENISTAN: 5 %
    • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: 0 %
    • UZBEKISTAN:10 %
    • VIETNAM: 19 %
    • YEMEN: 1 %
      Sources: United Nations
  10. States which did not ratify the UN Convention for the elimination of all sorts of discrimination against women (October 1994) 
    • Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brunai, United Arab Emirates, Iran,Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Rep., Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudia Arabia, South Korea, Singapore, Syria, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan,

The statistics used here are from the United Nations, The World' Women 1995 - Trends and Statistics (United Nations publications, Sales No. E.95XII.2 (In French, F.95. XII.2) and are quoted with permission. Further information on United Nations gender statistics may be found at the United Nations Statistics Division's Internet home page http://www.un.org/Depts/unsd

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