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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Latin America & Caribbean
** Labour **

  1. Percentage of women in the active population (1970 & 1990) 
    • Latin America : 20 % (1970) ; 34 % (1990)
    • Caribbean: 32% (1970) ; 43 % (1990)
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)
  2. Percentage of female and male active population by sector of activity (1994) 
    • Central America :
      Agriculture : women: 7 % ; men: 41 %
      Industry: women: 19 % ; men: 23 %
      Services: women: 74 % ; men: 36 %
    • South America:
      Agriculture : women: 10 % ; men: 27 %
      Industry: women: 14 % ; men: 28 %
      Services: women: 76 % ; men: 45 %
    • Caribbean:
      Agriculture : women: 11 % ; men: 23 %
      Industry: women: 12 % ; men: 28 %
      Services: women: 77 % ; men: 49 %
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

       
  3. Rate of boys and girls' participation in active population, 10-14 years old (1990) 
    • Latin America : 6 % (girls) ; 17 % (boys)
    • Caribbean: 6 % (girls) ; 7 % (boys)
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

       
  4. Women's share in the main professional groups (1990) 
    • Latin America:
      Professionals and technicians: 49 %
      Administration and management personnel: 23 %
      Office clerks and similar: 59 %
      Sales force: 47 %
      Production and tranportations, operators and manual workers: 17 %
    • Caraïbes:
      Professionals and technicians: 52 %
      Administration and management personnel: 29 %
      Office clerks and similar: 62 %
      Sales force: 59 %
      Production and tranportations, operators and manual workers: 21 %
      Sources: Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (United Nations)

       
  5. Percentage of women (15 years old and more) in the total active population (1994) 
    • AMERICAN VIRGIN ISLANDS: 48 %
    • ANTIGUA & BARBADOS: 46 %
    • ARGENTINA: 29 %
    • BAHAMAS: 34 %
    • BARBADOS: 46 %
    • BELIZE: 26 %
    • BOLIVIA: 25 %
    • BRAZIL: 28 %
    • CHILE: 29 %
    • COLOMBIA: 23 %
    • COSTA RICA: 22 %
    • CUBA: 33 %
    • DOMINICA: 42 %
    • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 15 %
    • EL SALVADOR: 28 %
    • ECUADOR: 19 %
    • GRENADA: 49 %
    • GUADELOUPE: 44 %
    • GUATEMALA: 18 %
    • GUYANA: 26 %
    • GUYANE FRANÇAISE: 38 %
    • HAITI: 41 %
    • HONDURAS: 21 %
    • JAMAICA: 46 %
    • LEEWARD AND WINDWARD: 39 %
    • MARTINIQUE: 44 %
    • MEXICO: 28 %
    • NICARAGUA: 30 %
    • PANAMA: 28 %
    • PARAGUAY: 20 %
    • PERU: 24 %
    • PORTO RICO: 29 %
    • SAINT LUCIA: ...%
    • SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS: ...%
    • SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES: 36 %
    • SURINAME: 30 %
    • TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 30 %
    • URUGUAY: 32 %
    • VENEZUELA: 28 % 
      Sources: International Labor Organization (United Nations)

       
  6. Distribution of the active population (1994)
    • AMERICAN VIRGIN ISLANDS:
      Agriculture: women ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ;men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • ARGENTINA:
      Agriculture: women: 2 % ; men: 13 %
      Industry: women: 12 % ; men: 41 %
      Services: women: 86 % ; men: 45 %
    • BAHAMAS:
      Agriculture: women: 2 % ; men: 16 %
      Industry: women: 4 % ; men: 26 %
      Services: women: 94 % ; men: 58 %
    • BARBADOS:
      Agriculture: women: 9 % ; men: 6 %
      Industry: women: 18 % ; men: 24 %
      Services: women: 73 % ; men: 69 %
    • BELIZE:
      Agriculture: women: 2 % ; men: 16 %
      Industry: women: 4 % ; men: 26 %
      Services: women: 94 % ; men: 58 %
    • BOLIVIA:
      Agriculture: women: 28 % ; men: 45 %
      Industry: women: 11 % ; men: 22 %
      Services: women: 61 % ; men: 34 %
    • BRAZIL:
      Agriculture: women: 10 % ; men: 21 %
      Industry: women: 19 % ; men: 37 %
      Services: women: 71 % ; men: 42 %
    • CHILE:
      Agriculture: women: 2 % ; men: 14 %
      Industry: women: 9 % ; men: 27 %
      Services: women: 89 % ; men: 60 %
    • COLOMBIA:
      Agriculture: women: 3 % ; men: 37 %
      Industry: women: 20 % ; men: 25 %
      Services: women: 77 % ; men: 38 %
    • COSTA RICA:
      Agriculture: women: 4 % ; men: 24 %
      Industry: women: 22 % ; men: 28 %
      Services: women: 74 % ; men: 48 %
    • CUBA:
      Agriculture: women: 13 % ; men: 23 %
      Industry: women: 21 % ; men: 35 %
      Services: women: 66 % ; men: 41 %
    • DOMINICA:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC:
      Agriculture: women: 5 % ; men: 41 %
      Industry: women: 3 % ; men: 19 %
      Services: women: 92 % ; men: 40 %
    • EL SALVADOR:
      Agriculture: women: 5 % ; men: 42 %
      Industry: women: 18 % ; men: 27 %
      Services: women: 77 % ; men: 32 %
    • ECUADOR:
      Agriculture: women: 11 % ; men: 31 %
      Industry: women: 11 % ; men: 21 %
      Services: women: 78 % ; men: 48 %
    • GRENADA:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • GUADELOUPE:
      Agriculture: women: 5 % ; men: 13 %
      Industry: women: 5 % ; men: 33 %
      Services: women: 90 % ; men: 54 %
    • GUATEMALA:
      Agriculture: women: 8 % ; men: 60 %
      Industry: women: 17% ; men: 17 %
      Services: women: 74 % ; men: 23 %
    • GUYANA:
      Agriculture: women: 7 % ; men: 27 %
      Industry: women: 18 % ; men: 26 %
      Services: women: 76 % ; men: 47 %
    • GUYANE FRANÇAISE:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • HAITI:
      Agriculture: women: 54 % ; men: 73 %
      Industry: women: 9 % ; men: 10 %
      Services: women: 38 % ; men: 16 %
    • HONDURAS:
      Agriculture: women: 8 % ; men: 66 %
      Industry: women: 34 % ; men: 15 %
      Services: women: 58 % ; men: 19 %
    • LEEWARD AND WINDWARD:
      Agriculture: women: 2 % ; men: 16 %
      Industry: women: 4 % ; men: 26 %
      Services: women: 94 % ; men: 58 %
    • JAMAICA:
      Agriculture: women: 18 % ; men: 41 %
      Industry: women: 8 % ; men: 22 %
      Services: women: 75 % ; men: 38 %
    • MARTINIQUE:
      Agriculture: women: 6 % ; men: 11 %
      Industrie: women: 5 % ; men: 29 %
      Services: women: 89 % ; men: 60 %
    • MEXICO:
      Agriculture: women: 12 % ; men: 38 %
      Industry: women: 35 % ; men: 34 %
      Services: women: 53 % ; men: 28 %
    • NICARAGUA:
      Agriculture: women: 8 % ; men: 52 %
      Industry: women: 14 % ; men: 17 %
      Services: women: 79 % ; men: 31 %
    • PANAMA:
      Agriculture: women: 7 % ; men: 27 %
      Industry: women: 7 % ; men: 23 %
      Services: women: 86 % ; men: 50 %
    • PARAGUAY:
      Agriculture: women: 11 % ; men: 53 %
      Industry: women: 16 % ; men: 22 %
      Services: women: 73 % ; men: 25 %
    • PERU:
      Agriculture: women: 26 % ; men: 36 %
      Industry: women: 9 % ; men: 22 %
      Services: women: 65 % ; men: 42 %
    • PORTO RICO:
      Agriculture: women: 1 % ; men: 5 %
      Industry: women: 31 % ; men: 36 %
      Services: women: 68 % ; men: 58 %
    • SAINT LUCIA:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES:
      Agriculture: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Industry: women: ... % ; men: ... %
      Services: women: ... % ; men: ... %
    • SURINAME:
      Agriculture: women: 15 % ; men: 15 %
      Industry: women: 9 % ; men: 23 %
      Services: women: 76 % ; men: 62 %
    • TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO:
      Agriculture: women: 4 % ; men: 7 %
      Industry: women: 22 % ; men: 48 %
      Services: women: 74 % ; men: 45 %
    • URUGUAY :
      Agriculture: women: 2 % ; men: 18 %
      Industry: women: 21 % ; men: 33 %
      Services: women: 76 % ; men: 49 %
    • VENEZUELA:
      Agriculture: women: 4 % ; men: 13 %
      Industry: women: 17 % ; men: 35 %
      Services: women: 79 % ; : 52 %
      Sources: International Labour Organization (United Nations)

The statistics used here are from the United Nations, The World' Women 1995 - Trends and Statistics (United Nations publications, Sales No. E.95XII.2
(In French, F.95. XII.2) and are quoted with permission. Further information on United Nations gender statistics may be found at the United Nations Statistics Division's Internet home page http://www.un.org/Depts/unsd

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