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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Europe
** Health ** 
 

  1. Life expectancy (1990-95) 
    • Eastern Europe: Women (75 years old); Men (67 years old)
    • Western Europe: Women (78 years old); Men (73 years old)
      Sources: Wistat (Nations Unies)

       
  2. Increase in Life expectancy (1970-75 à 1990-95) 
    • Eastern Europe: 2 years (women); 0 years (men)
    • Western Europe: 4 years (women); 4 years (men)
      Sources: Wistat (Nations Unies)

       
  3. Countries where women life expectancy goes beyond 80 years old 1990-95 
    • Finland (80 years old)
    • France (81 years old)
    • Greece (80 years old)
    • Island (81 years old)
    • Italy (80 years old)
    • Netherlands (81 years old)
    • Norway (80 years old)
    • Sweden (81 years old)
    • Switzerland (81 years old) 
      Sources: United Nations

       
  4. Child mortality rate (1970-75 to 1990-95) 
      36 deaths for 1000 successful births (1970-75);
      18 deaths for 1000 successful births (1990-1995)
    • Western Europe:
      20 deaths for 1000 successful births (1970-75);
      8 deaths for 1000 successful births (1990-1995)
      Sources: Nations Unies

       
  5. Current general frequency of female genital organs mutilation in some countries 
    • Frequency estimated at 70 % or more : Nil
    • Frequency estimated at 50-60 % : Nil
    • Frequency estimated at à 20-30 % : Nil
    • Frequency estimated at 5-10 % : Nil
      Sources: Fran Hosken, (The Hosken Report) & Nahid Toubia

       
  6. Seropositivity among men and women up to mid-1994
    • Eastern Europe and Western Asia:
      Estimated number of seropositive adults : more than 50,000
      Total estimated number of AIDS cases : more than 7,000
      Estimated percentage of women among seropositives : 14-17 %
    • Western Europe:
      Estimated number of seropositive adults : more than 500,000
      Total estimated number of AIDS cases : more than 150,000
      Estimated percentage of women among seropositives : 14-17 %
    • World
      Estimated number of seropositive adults : more than 16 millions
      Total estimated number of AIDS cases : 3 millions
      Estimated percentage of women among seropositives : 40 %
      Sources: WHO (The HIV/AIDS pandemic: 1994 overview) 

       
  7. Percentage of the utilization of contraception among married women in age of procreating (1990) All contraceptive methods included 
    • ALBANIA: ...
    • AUSTRIA: 71
    • BELARUS: 23
    • BELGIUM: 79
    • BOSNIA: ...
    • BULGARIA: 76
    • CROATIA: ...
    • CZECK REPUBLIC: 78
    • DENMARK: 78
    • ESTONIA: ...
    • FINLAND: 80
    • FRANCE: 81
    • GERMANY: 75
    • GREECE: ...
    • HUNGARIA: 73
    • IRELAND: ...
    • ISLAND: ...
    • ITALY: 78
    • LATVIA: ...
    • LIECHTENSTEIN: ...
    • LITHUANIA: ...
    • LUXEMBURG: ...
    • MALTA: ...
    • MOLDOVA: 22
    • MONACO: ...
    • NETHERLANDS: 76
    • NORWAY: 76
    • POLAND: 75
    • PORTUGAL: 66
    • ROMANIA: 58
    • RUSSIA: 32
    • SAN MARINO: ...
    • SLOVAKIA: 74
    • SLOVENIA: ...
    • SPAIN: 59
    • SWEDEN: 78
    • SWITZERLAND: 71
    • UKRANIA: 23
    • UNITED KINGDOM: 81
    • YUGOSLAVIA: ...

      Sources: United Nations

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