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Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity

 

Europe
** Power ** 
 

  1. Women elected Heads of State in the 20th century (December 31, 1994) 
    • Europe: 3
      Ireland: Mary Robinson (1990- )
      Island: Vigdis Finnbogadottir (1980- )
      Yugoslavia: Milka Planinc
    • World: 9
      Sources: United Nations

       
  2. Women elected Heads of governments in the 20th century (December 1994) 
    • Europe: 5
      France: Edith Cresson (1991-1992)
      Norway:Gro Harlem Brundtland (1981, 1986-1989, 1990- )
      Poland: Hanna Suchocka (1992-1993)
      Portugal: Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo (1981-1985)
      United Kingdom and Northern Ireland: Margareth Thatcher (1979-1980)
    • World : 15
      Sources: United Nations

       
  3. Countries where more than 15 % of the ministers or members of the government are women (1994) 
    • Europe:
      Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italie, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Norway, San Marino, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland.
      Sources: United Nations

       
  4. Countries where there are no women among the ministers or the members of the government (1994) 
    • Europe:
      Albania, Malta, Romania, Czek Republic, Ukrania.
      Sources: United Nations

       
  5. Percentage of women holding a management position in the public administration, by sector (1994) 
    • Eastern Europe:
      Directors General: 3,9 %
      Economy: 5,1 %
      Law and Justice: 0,9 %
      Social Affairs: 10,3 %
      Politics: 0,6 %
    • Western Europe:
      Directors General: 7,8 %
      Economy: 8,0 %
      Law and Justice: 9,7 %
      Social Affairs: 18,7 %
      Politics: 7,7 %
      Sources: Worldwide Government Directory, 1994

       
  6. Average percentage of women in parliamentary assemblies (1987 & 1994) 
    • Eastern Europe: 22 % (1987) ; 8 % (1994)
    • Western Europe: 13 % (1987) ; 17 % (1994)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       
  7. General women's representation among directors and senior managers (1980 & 1990) 
    • Eastern Europe: 22 % (1980) ; 30 % (1990)
    • Western Europe: 12 % (1980) ; 18 % (1990)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       
  8. Countries where more than 25 % of directors and senior managers are women 
    • Europe: 6 (Bulgaria, Finland,Germany, Hungaria, Norway, Sweden)
      Sources: Wistat (United Nations)

       
  9. Percentage of seats hold by women within legislative bodies (1994)
    • ALBANIA: 6 %
    • AUSTRIA: 21 %
    • BELARUS: 4 %
    • BELGIUM: 9 %
    • BOSNIA: 5 %
    • BULGARIA: 13 %
    • CROATIA: 6 %
    • CZECK REPUBLIC: 10 %
    • DENMARK: 33 %
    • ESTONIA: 14 %
    • FINLAND: 39%
    • FRANCE: 6 %
    • GERMANY: 21 %
    • GREECE: 6 %
    • HUNGARIA: 11 %
    • IRELAND: 12 %
    • ISLAND: 24 %
    • ITALY: 15 %
    • LATVIA: 15 %
    • LIECHTENSTEIN: 8 %
    • LITHUANIA: 7 %
    • LUXEMBURG: 20 %
    • MALTA: 2 %
    • MOLDOVA: 5 %
    • MONACO: 6 %
    • NETHERLANDS: 31 %
    • NORWAY: 39 %
    • POLAND: 13 %
    • PORTUGAL: 9 %
    • ROMANIA: 4 %
    • RUSSIA: 10 %
    • SAN MARINO: 12 %
    • SLOVAKIA: 18 %
    • SLOVENIA: 14 %
    • SPAIN: 16 %
    • SWEDEN: 34 %
    • SWITZERLAND: 18 %
    • UKRANIA: 4 %
    • UNITED KINGDOM: 9 %
    • YUGOSLAVIA: 3 %
      Sources: United Nations

       
  10. States which did not ratify the UN Convention for the elimination of all sorts of discrimination against women (October 1994) 
    • (Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino

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