Widnet's Home   About   Contact    Results-Based Management    Shopping Center    Français


Statistics      Knowledge      eLibrary      Rankings       Multimedia       Subject Index       Africa      Americas      Asia      Europe      Oceania      Countries

Women in Development Network (WIDNET)
Promoting Gender Equality & Equity


Work - Maternity Leave Benefits 

Length of maternity leave
Percentage of wages paid in covered period
Provider of coverage

Table 5g. Maternity leave benefits
Last Update: June 2013
Country or area Length of maternity
  Percentage of wages paid in covered period (%)   Provider of benefit
Afghanistan   90 days     100     Employer
Albania   365 calendar days     80, 50 a   Social insurance system
Algeria   14 weeks     100     Social security
Andora   16 weeks     100     Social insurance system
Angola   12 weeks     100     Social security and Employer
Antigua and Barbuda   13 weeks     100, 60 b   Social insurance and Employer
Argentina   90 days     100 c   Family allowance funds (financed through state and employer contributions)
Armenia   140 days     100     Social insurance
Australia   18 weeks     d   Social assistance system financed by the State
Austria   16 weeks     100     Statutory health insurance, family burden equalization fund, or employer
Azerbaijan   126 calendar days     100     Social security
Bahamas   12 weeks     100     National Insurance Board (2/3) and Employer (1/3)
Bahrain   45 days     100     Social security
Bangladesh   16 weeks     100     Employer
Barbados   12 weeks     100     National insurance system
Belarus   126 calendar days     100 e   State social insurance
Belgium   15 weeks     79.5, 75 f   Social security
Belize   14 weeks     100     Social security or Employer (for women who are not entitled to receive benefits from social security)
Benin   14 weeks     100     Social security (1/2) and Employer (1/2)
Bermuda   12 weeks     100     Employer
Bolivia   12 weeks g   75     Social insurance
Bosnia & Herzegovina   1 year     50-100 h  
Botswana   12 weeks     50     Employer
Brazil   120 days     100     Social insurance
British Virgin Islands   13 weeks     67 i   Social security
Brunei Darussalam   9 weeks j   100 k   Employer
Bulgaria   227 days     90     State public insurance (the General Sickness and Maternity Fund)
Burkina Faso   14 weeks     100     Social security (if necessary, the employer adds up to the full wage)
Burundi   12 weeks     100     Employer (50%) and Social security (50%)
Cambodia   90 days     50     Employer
Cameroon   14 weeks     100     National Social Insurance Fund
Canada   17 weeks l   55 m, n   Federal and State. Employment Insurance
Cape Verde   60 days     90 o   Social security
Central African Republic   14 weeks     50     Social security
Chad   14 weeks     50     Social security
Channel Islands, Guernsey   18 weeks     p, q   Social insurance and social assistance
Channel Islands, Jersey   18 weeks     p, q   Social insurance
Chile   18 weeks     100     Social security
China   90 days     100 r   Social insurance 
China, Hong Kong SAR   10 weeks     80     Employer
Colombia   14 weeks     100     Social security
Comoros   14 weeks     100     Employer
Congo   15 weeks     100     50% Social security, 50% Employer
Costa Rica   4 months     100 s   50% Social security, 50% Employer
Cote d'Ivoire   14 weeks     100     Social insurance
Croatia   1+ year t   100 u   Health Insurance Fund (until  the child reaches the age of 6 months), and the rest is paid from the State Budget
Cuba   18 weeks     100     Social security
Cyprus   18 weeks     75     Social security 
Czech Republic   28 weeks     60     Social security
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 weeks     67     Employer
Denmark   18 weeks         Employer
Djibouti   14 weeks     100     50% Social Protection Body, 50% Employer
Dominica   12 weeks     60 i   Social security
Dominican Republic   12 weeks     100 v   50% Social security, 50% Employer
Ecuador   12 weeks     100     75% Social security, 25% Employer
Egypt   90 days     100     Social insurance (75%) and Employer (25%)
El Salvador   12 weeks     75     Employer
Equatorial Guinea   12 weeks     75     Social security
Eritrea   60 days     w   Employer
Estonia   140 calendar days     100     Social security
Ethiopia   90 days     100     Employer (for up to 45 days)
Fiji   84 days     100 x   Employer
Finland   105 working days     70 y   Social insurance system
France   16 weeks     100 m   Social security and Health Insurance Funds
Gabon   14 weeks     100     National Social Security Fund
Gambia   12 weeks     100     Employer
Germany   14 weeks     100     Statutory health insurance scheme, employer
Ghana   12 weeks     100     Employer
Greece   17 weeks     50+ z, a1   Social security/State
Grenada   3 months     100, 60 b1   60% for 12 weeks by Social security, 40% for 2 months by Employer
Guatemala   84 days     100 v   Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3)
Guinea   14 weeks     100     Social security (1/2), Employer (1/2)
Guinea-Bissau   60 days     100     Employer (if women receive subsidy from social security, employer pays the difference between subsidy and full salary)
Guyana   13 weeks     70 i   Social security
Haiti   12 weeks     100     Office of Workers' Compensation Insurance, Maternity and Sickness
Honduras   12 weeks     100 v   Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3)
Hungary   24 weeks     70     Health insurance
Iceland   26 weeks c1   80     Social Insurance Fund   
India   12 weeks     100     Employer
Indonesia   3 months     100     Employer
Iran (Islamic Republic of)   90 days     67     Social security
Iraq   62 days     100     Employer
Ireland   26 weeks     80 d1   Social insurance
Isle of Man   26 weeks     90 e1    Social security and social assistance system
Israel   14 weeks     100 m f1   Social security
Italy   5 months     80     Social insurance
Jamaica   8 weeks     100 g1   Employer or social security for domestic worker
Japan   14 weeks     30% h1   1/8 National Treasury, 7/8 Employment Insurance Fund
Jordan   10 weeks     100     Social Security
Kazakhstan   126 calendar days     100     Employer
Kenya   3 months     100     Employer
Kiribati   12 weeks     25     Employer
Kuwait   70 days     100     Employer
Kyrgyzstan   126 calendar days     100 i1   Social security (Employer covers the first 10 working days)
Lao People's Democratic Republic 90 days     100 j1   Social security or employer
Latvia   112 calendar days     100     State Social Insurance 
Lebanon   7 weeks     100     Employer
Lesotho   12 weeks     k1   Employer
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya   14 weeks     50, 100 l1   Employer, Social security for self-employed women
Liechtenstein   20 weeks     80     Social insurance
Lithuania   126 calendar days     100     Social Insurance 
Luxembourg   16 weeks     100     Social security
Madagascar   14 weeks     100     50% Social insurance, 50% Employer
Malawi   8 weeks m1   100     Employer
Malaysia   60 days     100     Employer
Mali   14 weeks     100     Social security
Malta   14 weeks     100 n1   Employer/Social security
Mauritania   14 weeks     100     Social Security Fund
Mauritius   12 weeks     100     Employer
Mexico   12 weeks     100     Social security
Monaco   16 weeks     90 m   Social insurance
Mongolia   120 days     70     Social Insurance Fund
Morocco   14 weeks     100     Social security
Mozambique   60 days     100     Social security
Myanmar   12 weeks     66     Social security
Namibia   12 weeks     100     Employer and Social security
Nepal   52 days     100     Employer
Netherlands   16 weeks     100 m   Social security
New Zealand   14 weeks     100 m   State funds (Universal and social assistance system)
Nicaragua   12 weeks     100 v   60% by Social security, 40% by employer
Niger   14 weeks     100     50% Social insurance, 50% Employer
Nigeria   12 weeks     50     Employer
Norway   52 weeks     80, 100 o1   Social insurance
Pakistan   12 weeks     100     Employer
Panama   14 weeks     100 v   Social Security Fund
Papua New Guinea   6+ weeks p1   q1  
Paraguay   12 weeks     50 r1   Social security
Peru   90 days     100     Social security system
Philippines   6 weeks s1   100     Social security or employer
Poland   16 weeks     100     Social Insurance Fund
Portugal   120-150 days     100-80 t1   Social insurance
Qatar   50 days     100     Employer
Republic of Korea   90 days     100 u1   Employment Insurance Fund
Republic of Moldova   126 calendar days     100     Social security
Romania   126 calendar days     85     State Health Insurance Fund
Russian Federation   140 calendar days     100 m, a1   Social Insurance Fund
Rwanda   12 weeks     100, 20 v1   Employer (if women not covered by social security)
Saint Kitts and Nevis   13 weeks     65     Social security
Saint Lucia   3 months     65     Social security
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 13 weeks     65     Social security
San Marino   5 months     100     Social security
Sao Tome and Principe   60 days     100     Social security (Employer if women not covered by social security)
Saudi Arabia   10 weeks     50, 100 w1   Employer
Senegal   14 weeks     100     Social security
Serbia   365 days     100 x1   Social security
Seychelles   14 weeks     y1   Social Security Fund
Singapore   16 weeks     100 z1   Employer and Government 
Slovakia   28 weeks     55     Social Insurance (part of sickness insurance)
Slovenia   105 calendar days     100 a2   Social security
Solomon Islands   12 weeks     25     Employer
Somalia   14 weeks     50     Employer
South Africa   4 months     60 b2   Unemployment Insurance Fund
Spain   16 weeks     100     Social security
Sri Lanka   12 weeks     86, 100 c2   Employer
Sudan   8 weeks     100     Employer
Swaziland   12 weeks     d2  
Sweden   480 days  e2   80 m, f2   Social insurance 
Switzerland   14 weeks g2   80 m, h2   Social insurance
Syrian Arab Republic   120, 90, 75 days i2   100     Employer
Tajikistan   140 calendar days     100     Social security
TFYR of Macedonia   9 months     w   Health Insurance Fund
Thailand   90 days     100 j2   Employer and Social insurance system
Togo   14 weeks     100     50% Employer, 50% Social security
Trinidad and Tobago   13 weeks     100, 50 k2   Employer and National Insurance Board 
Tunisia   1, 2 month(s) l2   67, 50, 100 m2   National Social Security Fund
Turkey   16 weeks     67     Social security
Turkmenistan   112 days     100 a1   Social security
Uganda   60 working days     100     Employer
Ukraine   126 days     100     Social security
United Arab Emirates   45 days     100, 50 n2   Employer
United Kingdom   52 weeks  o2   90 p2   Employer (92% refunded by public funds)
United Republic of Tanzania   12 weeks     100     Employer
United States of America   12 weeks     q2  
Uruguay   12 weeks     100 r2   Social security system
Uzbekistan   126 calendar days     100 d   State social insurance scheme
Vanuatu   12 weeks     66     Employer
Venezuela   18 weeks     100     Social security
Viet Nam   4-6 months s2   100     Social insurance fund
Yemen   60 days     100     Employer
Zambia   12 weeks     100     Employer
Zimbabwe   98 days     100     Employer
Not available.
a 80% for the period prior to birth and for 150 days after birth, and 50% for the rest of the leave period.
b Social Insurance (60 per cent for 13 weeks) and Employer (40 per cent for the first 6 weeks).
c In addition, a means-tested birth grant is paid in lump sum.
d A lump sum payment is paid for each child.
e not less than 50 per cent of the minimum per capita subsistence wage (1 February - 30 April 2009: 117,190 rubles). 
f 79.5% for the first 30 days and 75% for the remaining period (up to a ceiling). For the unemployed women, 60% of the gross salary prior to being unemployed, up to  a ceiling, and a complementary indemnity of 19.5% for the first 30 days and of 15%, for the remaining period.
g Domestic workers are entitled to 90 days.
h The level of benefits received during maternity leave varies from 50% to 100% depending upon the various cantonal regulations.
i In addition, a maternity grant is paid in lump sum.
j The maternity leave benefits only cover 8 weeks.
k The duration of maternity leave benefits is 8 weeks.
l Duration of maternity leave depends on the province. For Federal and Ontario, maternity leave is 17 weeks, while in Quebec, it is 18.
m up to ceiling
n Federal and State. A claimant whose family income is below $25,921 and who is receiving the Child Tax Benefit is entitled to a family supplement, thereby increasing the benefit rate. An employee may continue working while receiving parental benefits; there is no financial penalty as long as weekly employment earnings are no more than $50 or 25% of the weekly benefits, whichever is higher.
o If necessay, the emplyer adds up to 90% of salary.
p Flat rate for the normal duration of maternity leave.
q In addition, a lump sum maternity grant is paid.
r The social insurance program applies to urban areas and the maternity insurance program covers all employees in urban enterprises, including all state-owned enterprises, regardless of their location.
s The amount of maternity benefits is paid as follows; 50% of the salary from 3 to 6 months of contribution to the Social Security Fund, 75% from 6 to 9 months, and 100% for 9 months or more.
t 45 days before delivery and 1 year after.
u 100% until the child reaches the age of six months, then paid between 1663 kunas and 2500 kunas a month.
v If the worker is not entitled to social security benefits, the employer shall cover the full cost of benefit.
w Paid amount not specified.
x From the fourth birth, the woman will be entitled to only half the normal remuneration.
y 70 per cent, up to a ceiling, plus 40% of the additional amount up to a ceiling, plus 25% of additional amount.
z 50% plus a dependent's supplement (10% for each dependent, up to a maximum of 40%).
a1 In addition, a birth grant is paid in lump sum.
b1 100% for 2 months and 60% for the last month.
c1 plus 16 weeks unpaid  maternity leave after confinement.
d1 Subject to a minimum and maximum amount.
e1 Maternity allowance is paid for a period of up to 39 weeks at 90% of earnings, up to a ceiling.
f1 A female worker who has given birth to three or more children in one birth is entitled to a childbirth allowance in addition to the the maternity allowance from the birth and up to 20 months after this date.
g1 Domestic workers are paid the national minimum weekly wage for 8 weeks
h1 Upon return to work after child care leave, the mother will receive a further 10% of her pre-leave wage, for the duration of the leave taken, as a re-engagement benefit for workers returning from child care leave.
i1 100 per cent for the first 10 working days covered by employer. For the rest of the maternity leave, 10 times the benchmark amount is paid from social security fund. Benefits are adjusted periodically according to changes in the cost of living.
j1 Under the Social Security Decree, a woman is entitled to childbirth benefits equal to 70% of the insured earning for a maximum period of 3 months.
k1 There is no legal obligation for employers to pay wages during maternity leave, although the contract of employment may provide for paid maternity leave.
l1 50% of wages for employees, and 100% of presumptive income for self-employed women for a period of three months.
m1 Every three years.
n1 An employee on maternity leave is entitled to full wages during the first thirteen weeks of leave, with the fourteenth week unpaid. Social security pays maternity benefit at a flat rate for a maximum of 13 weeks for those not covered under the Employment and Industrial Relations Act.
o1 The beneficiary may decide whether to receive 100 percent of benefits for a shorter period or 80 percent of benefits for a longer period.
p1 A female employee is entitled to take maternity leave for a period necessary for hospitalization before confinement and six weeks after confinement. 
q1 Maternity leave is unpaid. However, annual leave or sick leave credits, paid by the employer, may be used for maternity leave.
r1 9 weeks coverage.
s1 60 days for government employees.
t1 100 per cent of the average daily wages (if the parents opted for a leave of 120 days) or 80 % (if the parents opted for a 150-day leave period)
u1 The employer pays the first 60 days of leave, for enterprises which do not meet certain criteria.
v1 100 per cent of salary during the first six weeks of maternity leave; during the last six weeks of maternity leave, 20 per cent of salary.
w1 50% if working for one to three years or 100% if working for three or more years
x1 100% of earnings are paid for 6 months; 60% for more than 3 but less than 6 months; 30% for less than 3 months.
y1 A flat monthly rate is paid.
z1 The first 8 weeks paid by employer, the second 8 weeks funded by the Government up to a ceiling. For the third and subsequent births, the full 16 weeks will be funded by the Government up to a ceiling.
a2 Parental allowance is cash aid to parents which is provided when they are not entitled to parental benefits after the birth of a child. The right to parental allowance shall be granted for 365 day, including payment to the mother for 77 days after the birth of the child provided the mother and the child have permanent residence in the Republic of Slovenia and are citizens of the Republic of Slovenia.
b2 Up to a maximum amount of 60% depending on level of income of the contributor. Benefits are paid for a maximum of 17.32 weeks.
c2 Six-seventh (86%) of wages for workers paid at a time-rate or piece-rate. Employees covered by the Shop and Offices Employees Act receive 100 per cent of the remuneration.
d2 No statutory benefits are provided. 
e2 480 days shared between both parents. 60 of these days are reserved for each parent while the rest are freely transferable between both parents. In case of sole custody, all 480 days accrue to the custodial parent. 
f2 480 calendar days paid parental leave: 80% for 390 days; flat rate for remaining 90 days.
g2 Some cantons provide longer leaves. In the Canton of Geneva paid leave is 16 weeks. Employees of the Swiss Confederation are entitled to 98 at least four months if the woman has completed a year of service.
h2 Employees of the Confederation are entitled to 4 month paid maternity at 100%.
i2 120 days for the first childbirth, 90 days for the second childbirth and 75 days for the third childbirth.
j2 Under the Labor Protection Act, an employer is required to pay an employee for up to 45 days of maternity leave.
k2 The Maternity Protection Act entitles an employee to 100% pay for 1 month and 50% for 2 months by Employer; social insurance system pays a sum depending on earnings. When the sum of the amount paid under the Maternity Protection Act and social insurance is less than full pay, the employer shall pay the difference to the employee.
l2 Civil servants entitled to 2 months of maternity leave.
m2 For women covered by the Labour Code the amount is two-thirds (66.7%) of the average daily wage. For women working in agriculture, it amounts to 50 per cent of the flat-rate daily wage calculated on the basis of the guaranteed minimum wage in agriculture. For civil servants, the full salary is paid during maternity leave.
n2 100 per cent after one continuous year of employment, 50 per cent for employment less than one year.
o2 Consisting of 26 weeks of ordinary maternity leave and 26 weeks of additional maternity leave.
p2 Statutory maternity leave is paid for a continuous period of up to 39 weeks. 90% for the first 6 weeks and a flat rate for the remaining weeks. From April 2010, paid maternity leave will increases to 52 weeks.
q2 There is no national program. Cash benefits may be provided at the state level.
r2 For private sector employees. Special system for civil servants.
s2 The duration of the maternity leave entitlement varies from 4 to 6 months, depending on the nature and conditions of the employee’s work. 

International Labour Office,
Maternity protection database available from the ILO Conditions of Work and Employment Programme’s website, http://www.ilo.org/dyn/travail/travmain.sectionChoice?p_structure=, supplemented by data compiled by the United States Social Security Administration (SSA) and published in: Social Security Programs Throughout the World: The Americas, 2009; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Africa, 2009; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2010; and Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Europe, 2010, available from the SSA website, http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/index.html.

Technical notes:
Data on maternity leave benefits currently available to women in countries around the world were compiled by the International Labour Office and the United States Social Security Administration from a variety of legislative and non-legislative sources. The main legislative sources include national laws regarding maternity protection, labour, social security, equality and opportunity of treatment, occupational safety and health and sometimes conditions of work. These sources apply to the private sector. Separate legislations for the public sector have not been included, nor have collective agreements. In systems where there may be no single national standard, such as federal states, the more general provision applicable has been included. Non-legislative sources include replies to the Social Security Programs Throughout the World survey conducted by the International Social Security Association (ISSA) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA); websites of Ministries of Employment, Labour, Health and Family of countries and of Social security offices, funds or boards; as well as other ILO databases and publications.
The data presented in this table refers to laws and regulations in force at the time of the compilation of the information.

Copyrights (c) Focus International