Maternity Leave Benefits
Last update: 28 August 2006
Country or area
Period
Note
%
Note
Afghanistan
90
days
100
Employer
Albania
365
calendar days
80, 50
(i)
Social security
Algeria
14
weeks
100
Social security
Angola
3
months
100
Social security (if necessary, the employer adds up to the full wage)
Antigua and Barbuda
13
weeks
60
Social security (supplemented by employer)
Argentina
90
days
100
Family allowance funds (financed through state and employer contributions)
Australia
52
weeks
0
Austria
16
weeks
100
Statutory health insurance, family burden equalization fund, or employer
Azerbaijan
126
calendar days
100
Bahamas
13
weeks
100
National Insurance Board/Employer
Bahrain
45
days
100
Employer
Bangladesh
12
weeks
100
Employer
Barbados
12
weeks
100
National Insurance System
Belarus
126
days
100
Social security
Belgium
15
weeks
82, 79.5
(j)
Social security
Belize
14
weeks
80
Social security or employer (for women who are not entitled to receive benefits from social security)
Benin
14
weeks
100
50% social security, 50% employer
Bolivia
60
days
(a)
70, 100
(k)
Social insurance system
Bosnia & Herzegovina
1
year
100
Botswana
12
weeks
25
Employer
Brazil
120
days
100
Social security
Bulgaria
135
days
90
Public social insurance (the General Sickness and Maternity Fund)
Burkina Faso
14
weeks
100
50% Social security, 50% employer
Burundi
12
weeks
100
50% Social security, 50% employer
Cambodia
90
days
50
Employer
Cameroon
14
weeks
100
Social Insurance Fund
Canada
17-18
weeks
(b)
55
(l)
Federal and State Employment Insurance
Central African Republic
14
weeks
50
Social security
Chad
14
weeks
Chile
18
weeks
100
Social security
China
90
days
100
Employer
Colombia
12
weeks
100
Social security
Comoros
14
weeks
100
Employer
Congo
15
weeks
100
50% social security, 50% employer
Costa Rica
4
months
100
50% social security, 50% employer
Cote d'Ivoire
14
weeks
100
Social Insurance Fund
Croatia
1+
year
(c)
100
(m)
Health Insurance Fund (until the child reaches the age of 6 months), and the rest is paid from the State Budget
Cyprus
16
weeks
75
Social security
Czech Republic
28
weeks
69
Social security
Democratic Republic of the Congo
14
weeks
67
Employer
Djibouti
14
weeks
50, 100
(n)
Employer
Dominica
12
weeks
60
Social security/Employer
Dominican Republic
12
weeks
100
50% Social security, 50% Employer
Ecuador
8
weeks
100
75% Social security, 25% Employer
Egypt
90
days
100
Social security/Employer
El Salvador
12
weeks
75
Social security for insured workers, otherwise Employer must pay
Equatorial Guinea
12
weeks
75
Social security
Eritrea
60
days
(o)
Employer
Estonia
140
calendar days
100
Health Insurance Fund
Ethiopia
90
days
100
Employer
Fiji
84
days
(p)
Employer
Finland
105
working days
70
Social security
France
16
weeks
100
(l)
Social security
Gabon
14
weeks
100
Social Insurance Fund
Gambia
12
weeks
100
Employer
Germany
14
weeks
100
Statutory health insurance scheme, state, employer
Ghana
12
weeks
100
Employer
Greece
119
days
100
Social security/Employer
Grenada
3
months
100, 60
(q)
60% for 12 weeks by Social security 40% for 2 months by Employer
Guatemala
84
days
100
2/3 Social security, 1/3 Employer
Guinea
14
weeks
100
50% Social security, 50% Employer
Guinea-Bissau
60
days
100
Employer (if a woman affiliated to a social security scheme receives a subsidy, the employer pays the difference between the subsidy and the woman's salary)
Guyana
13
weeks
70
Social security
Haiti
12
weeks
100
(r)
Employer
Honduras
10
weeks
100
2/3 Social security, 1/3 Employer
Iceland
3
months
80
Social security
India
12
weeks
100
Social security or Employer (for non-covered women)
Indonesia
3
months
100
Employer
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
90
days
67
Social security
Iraq
62
days
100
Social security
Ireland
18
weeks
70
Social Insurance Fund
Israel
12
weeks
100
(l)
Social security
Italy
5
months
80
Social security
Jamaica
12
weeks
100
(t)
Employer
Japan
14
weeks
60
Health Insurance scheme (if managed by employers), or Social Insurance Agency (if managed by the Government)
Jordan
10
weeks
100
Employer
Kazakhstan
126
calendar days
(o)
Employer
Kenya
2
months
100
Employer
Kiribati
12
weeks
25
Employer
Kuwait
70
days
100
Employer
Kyrgyzstan
126
days
100
Social security
Lao People's Democratic Rep.
90
days
100
Social security/Employer
Latvia
112
calendar days
100
Social Insurance Fund
Lebanon
7
weeks
100
Employer
Lesotho
12
weeks
0
(u)
Employer
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
50
days
50, 100
(v)
Employer (social security for self-employed women)
Lithuania
126
calendar days
100
Social Insurance Fund
Luxembourg
16
weeks
100
Social security
Malawi
8
weeks
(d)
100
Employer
Malaysia
60
days
100
Employer
Mali
14
weeks
100
Social security
Malta
14
weeks
100
(w)
Employer
Mauritania
14
weeks
100
Social security
Mauritius
12
weeks
100
Employer
Mexico
12
weeks
100
Social security
Mongolia
120
days
70
Social Insurance Fund
Morocco
14
weeks
100
Social security
Mozambique
60
days
100
Employer
Myanmar
12
weeks
(p)
Social Security Board
Namibia
12
weeks
100
Social security
Nepal
52
days
100
Employer
Netherlands
16
weeks
100
Unemployment fund
New Zealand
14
weeks
100
(l)
State funds
Nicaragua
12
weeks
60
Social security
Niger
14
weeks
50
Social security
Nigeria
12
weeks
50
Employer
Norway
42-52
weeks
(e)
80, 100
(x)
Social Insurance Fund
Pakistan
12
weeks
100
Employer
Panama
14
weeks
100
Social Security Fund (but employer liable to cover difference between the maternity allowance paid by the Social Security Fund )
Papua New Guinea
6+
weeks
(f)
0
Paraguay
12
weeks
50
(y)
Employers pay directly to employees and reimbursed by the Social security system
Peru
90
days
100
Social security
Philippines
60
days
(g)
100
Social security
Poland
16
weeks
100
Employers or by Social Insurance Institution, financed by the Social Insurance Fund
Portugal
120
days
100
...
Qatar
50
days
100
Employer
Republic of Korea
90
days
100
60 days Employer, 30 days Employment Insurance Fund
Republic of Moldova
126
calendar days
100
Social Insurance Fund
Romania
126
days
85
Social Insurance Fund
Russian Federation
140
calendar days
100
Social Insurance Fund
Rwanda
12
weeks
67
Employer
Saint Kitts and Nevis
13
weeks
60
Social security
Saint Lucia
3
months
65
Social security
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
13
weeks
65
Social security
San Marino
5
months
100
Social security
Sao Tome and Principe
70
days
100
(z)
Social security (Employer must pay for women not covered by social security)
Saudi Arabia
10
weeks
50, 100
(aa)
Employer
Senegal
14
weeks
100
Social security
Seychelles
14
weeks
(bb)
Social security
Singapore
8
weeks
100
Employer for first two children, Government for third
Slovakia
28
weeks
55
Social Insurance Fund
Slovenia
105
days
100
Social security
Solomon Islands
12
weeks
25
Employer
Somalia
14
weeks
50
Employer
South Africa
4
months
60
(cc)
Unemployment Insurance fund
Spain
16
weeks
100
Social security
Sri Lanka
12
weeks
100
Employer
Sudan
8
weeks
100
Employer
Swaziland
12
weeks
0
Sweden
14
weeks
100, 80
(dd)
Social Insurance Fund
Switzerland
98
days
80
Social security
Syrian Arab Republic
50
days
70
Employer
Tajikistan
140
calendar days
...
TFYR of Macedonia
9
months
(o)
Thailand
90
days
100, 50
(ee)
Employer for first 45 days, Social security for remaining period
Togo
14
weeks
100
50% Employer, 50% Social security
Trinidad and Tobago
13
weeks
100, 50
(ff)
Employer/Social security
Tunisia
30
days
67
Social security
Turkey
16
weeks
67
(gg)
Social security
Uganda
8
weeks
100
(hh)
Employer
Ukraine
126
days
100
Social security
United Arab Emirates
3
months
100
Employer
United Kingdom
26
weeks
90
(ii)
Employer (92% refunded by public funds)
United Republic of Tanzania
12
weeks
100
...
United States of America
12
weeks
0
Uruguay
12
weeks
100
Social security
Uzbekistan
126
calendar days
100
Social security
Venezuela
18
weeks
100
Social security
Viet Nam
4-6
months
(h)
100
Social Insurance Fund
Yemen
60
days
100
Employer
Zambia
12
weeks
100
Employer
Zimbabwe
90
days
100
Employer

Sources:

International Labour Office, Maternity protection database available from the ILO Conditions of Work and Employment Programme’s website, http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/condtrav/database/index.htm (accessed 28 August 2006) supplemented by data compiled by the United States Social Security Administration (SSA) and published in: Social Security Programs Throughout the World: The Americas, 2005; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Africa, 2005; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2004; and Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Europe, 2004, available from the SSA website, http://www.ssa.gov/policy/data_sub50.html (accessed August 28, 2006).

Footnotes:

...
Not available.
Not applicable.
(a)
90 days for domestic workers.
(b)
Duration depends on the Province.
(c)
45 days before delivery and 1 year after.
(d)
Every three years.
(e)
Two leave options: 42 weeks or 52 weeks parental leave plus 9 weeks reserved for the mother.
(f)
As necessary for hospitalization before confinement and 6 weeks after.
(g)
78 days for caesarian delivery.
(h)
Duration depends on the working conditions and nature of the work.
(i)
80% prior to birth and for 150 days, and 50% for the rest of the leave period.
(j)
82% for the first 30 days and 79.5% for the remaining period (up to a ceiling).
(k)
100% of national minimum wage and 70% of wages above minimum.
(l)
Up to a ceiling.
(m)
100% until the child reaches the age of six months, then a fixed amount for the remaining period.
(n)
100% for public servants.
(o)
Paid, amount not specified.
(p)
Flat rate.
(q)
100% for 2 months and 60% for the last month.
(r)
6 weeks coverage.
(s)
70% for pre-natal period (minimum 4 weeks), flat rate for remaining period.
(t)
8 weeks coverage.
(u)
No legal obligation for paid maternity leave but some employment contracts have provision.
(v)
100% for self-employed women.
(w)
13 weeks coverage.
(x)
80% for 42-week option; 100% for 52-week option.
(y)
9 weeks coverage.
(z)
60 days coverage.
(aa)
50% or 100% depending on the duration of employment.
(bb)
Flat monthly allowance for 10 weeks.
(cc)
Up to 60% depending on the level of income.
(dd)
480 calendar days paid parental leave: 80% for 390 days; flat rate for remaining 90 days.
(ee)
100% for first 45 days then 50% for 45 days.
(ff)
100% for 1 month, 50% for 2 months (employer) and a sum depending on the earnings (social security).
(gg)
12 weeks coverage.
(hh)
1 month coverage.
(ii)
90% for the first 6 weeks and flat rate after.

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Technical notes:

Data on maternity leave benefits currently available to women in countries around the world were compiled by the International Labour Office and the United States Social Security Administration from a variety of legislative and non-legislative sources. The main legislative sources include national laws regarding maternity protection, labour, social security, equality and opportunity of treatment, occupational safety and health and sometimes conditions of work. These sources apply to the private sector. Separate legislations for the public sector have not been included, nor have collective agreements. In systems where there may be no single national standard, such as federal states, the more general provision applicable has been included. Non-legislative sources include replies to the Social Security Programs Throughout the World survey conducted by the International Social Security Association (ISSA) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA); websites of Ministries of Employment, Labour, Health and Family of countries and of Social security offices, funds or boards; as well as other ILO databases and publications.

The data presented in this table refers to laws and regulations in force at the time of the compilation of the information (between 2004 and 2006).

(Source: United Nations Statistics Division)

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